Countries where Estonian is spoken widely

Countries where Estonian is spoken widely

Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, is primarily spoken in Estonia, a country located in Northern Europe. However, Estonian is not limited to just Estonia, as it is also spoken in several other countries around the world. In this article, we will explore the countries where Estonian is spoken widely, highlighting the importance and influence of this unique language beyond Estonia’s borders.



Estonia, a beautiful country located in Northern Europe, is where the Estonian language is widely spoken. With its rich history and unique cultural heritage, Estonia proudly embraces Estonian as its official language. The majority of the population, approximately 1.3 million people, speak Estonian as their native tongue.


Moving westwards from Estonia, we reach Latvia, another European country where Estonian is spoken widely. Located south of Estonia, Latvia shares a similar linguistic connection due to historical influences. Although Latvian is the official language in Latvia, Estonian is recognized and spoken by a significant number of people, particularly in regions close to the Estonian border.


Heading northwards, we find Finland, a neighboring country where Estonian is spoken widely. Finland shares a long history with Estonia, and their languages, although distinct, bear certain similarities. While the majority of Finns speak Finnish, Estonian is also recognized as a minority language in certain areas. The Finnish-Estonian border regions often exhibit a higher prevalence of Estonian speakers.

In conclusion, Estonian is spoken widely not only in Estonia itself but also in neighboring countries such as Latvia and Finland. These linguistic connections, rooted in historical and geographical factors, contribute to the presence of Estonian-speaking communities beyond Estonia’s borders.

North America


Estonian is spoken by a small yet vibrant community in Canada. With a population of approximately 24,000 individuals of Estonian descent, Canada has become a home away from home for many Estonian speakers. The majority of Estonians in Canada reside in the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta. These communities actively engage in cultural events, language preservation initiatives, and Estonian language schools. The Estonian House in Toronto, for example, serves as a central hub for Estonian cultural activities and language learning opportunities.

United States

Estonian is spoken by a smaller community in the United States, mainly consisting of Estonian immigrants and their descendants. Although the number of Estonian speakers is relatively small compared to other languages, there are still active Estonian communities across the country. Cities like New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles have Estonian organizations that organize cultural events, festivals, and language classes. The Estonian American National Council (EANC) plays a significant role in supporting the Estonian community in the United States, advocating for cultural preservation and providing resources for Estonian language education.

Both Canada and the United States provide a welcoming environment for Estonian speakers to connect with their roots, celebrate their culture, and ensure the preservation of the Estonian language.

South America


Brazil, the largest country in South America, is home to a significant number of Estonian speakers. While the majority of the population speaks Portuguese, there is a small but vibrant Estonian-speaking community in Brazil. This community has its roots in the immigration waves that occurred in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Estonians sought better economic opportunities and a new life in Brazil. Today, these Estonian communities can be found in various cities across Brazil, such as São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Curitiba. They have managed to preserve their language and culture, organizing cultural events, Estonian language classes, and maintaining ties with Estonia. If you are planning to visit Brazil and have an interest in Estonian culture, make sure to explore these vibrant communities and connect with the locals.


Argentina, another prominent country in South America, is also home to a notable Estonian-speaking population. Similar to Brazil, Estonian immigration to Argentina occurred during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Many Estonians were attracted to Argentina’s booming agricultural industry and the promise of a better life. As a result, Estonian communities were established in cities like Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and Rosario. Over the years, these communities have worked hard to keep their language alive and maintain their cultural heritage. They organize various events, such as Estonian folk festivals, language courses, and cultural exchanges with Estonia. If you find yourself in Argentina, don’t miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the Estonian culture and interact with the local Estonian-speaking community.



Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, is spoken by a significant number of people in Russia. While it may not be as widely spoken as in Estonia, there is a considerable Estonian-speaking population in areas close to the Estonian border, such as the Pskov Oblast and the Leningrad Oblast. These regions have historical and cultural ties with Estonia, leading to the preservation and usage of the Estonian language.


Surprisingly, there is also a notable presence of Estonian speakers in Kazakhstan. This is primarily due to historical factors, as many Estonians were forced to relocate to Kazakhstan during World War II. The majority of these Estonian communities settled in the northern regions of Kazakhstan, such as the Pavlodar and Karaganda Oblasts. Over time, the Estonian language has managed to survive and thrive within these communities, creating a unique linguistic landscape in Kazakhstan.

The spread of Estonian in both Russia and Kazakhstan showcases the resilience of the language and its ability to adapt to different cultural and geographical contexts. Despite being far from its homeland, Estonian continues to flourish and connect people across borders.



Estonian is not widely spoken in Australia. Despite the multicultural nature of the country, Estonian is considered a minority language with only a small community of Estonian speakers residing in Australia. The majority of Estonian speakers in Australia can be found in cities such as Sydney and Melbourne, where they have established cultural associations and community groups to preserve their language and traditions. However, compared to other languages spoken in Australia, Estonian does not have a significant presence.

New Zealand

Similar to Australia, Estonian is not spoken widely in New Zealand. The Estonian-speaking community in New Zealand is relatively small, and the language is considered a minority language within the country. Most Estonian speakers in New Zealand can be found in major cities like Auckland and Wellington, where they have formed tight-knit communities to maintain their cultural heritage. However, the number of Estonian speakers in New Zealand remains limited when compared to other languages spoken in the country.

In conclusion, while Estonian is present in Oceania, particularly in Australia and New Zealand, it is not widely spoken and remains a minority language within the region.

In conclusion, Estonian is primarily spoken in Estonia, where it is the official language. However, the language is also spoken by Estonian communities in neighboring countries such as Latvia, Russia, and Finland. While Estonian may not be widely spoken on a global scale, it holds great significance in these countries and plays a crucial role in preserving the cultural identity of the Estonian people. As globalization continues to connect people from different corners of the world, the preservation and promotion of languages like Estonian become increasingly important to maintain diversity and cultural heritage.

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