Flag of Albania

Albania Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesAL, ALB, 008
Official NameRepublic of Albania
Government TypeParliamentary Republic
CurrencyAlbanian lek (ALL)
Calling Code+355
Member OfUnited Nations, NATO, Council of Europe, World Trade Organization, Organisation of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation
PopulationApprox. 2.8 million (as of 2023)
Total Area28,748 square kilometers
Highest PointKorab (2,764 meters or 9,068 feet)
Lowest PointAdriatic Sea (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $5,300 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 78 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.al

Albanian National Anthem

Hymni i Flamurit

United around the flag,
With one desire and one goal,
Let us pledge our word of honor
To fight for our salvation
Only he who is a born traitor
Averts from the struggle.
He who is brave is not daunted,
But falls – a martyr to the cause.
With arms in hand we shall remain,
To guard our fatherland round about.
Our rights we will not bequeath,
Enemies shall perish to a man.
In the war we have shown our might,
The sword we have not sheathed yet.
The Blackbird is on the wing,
Vengeance shall not linger.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Albanian Flag

The flag of Albania, known for its striking red background and the black double-headed eagle, carries a history steeped in symbolism and national pride. The design reflects Albania’s heritage and the struggles it has faced as a nation.

The origins of the flag’s symbolism date back to the 14th century, attributed to Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg, a national hero who fought against the Ottoman Empire. The double-headed eagle represents the sovereign state of Albania and is a symbol of the Byzantine Empire, denoting the country’s link to ancient empires and civilizations. The red field symbolizes bravery, strength, and valor.

The current flag was officially adopted on November 28, 1912, following Albania’s declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire. This day is celebrated as Flag Day in Albania, marking the establishment of the modern Albanian state. The flag’s design has remained relatively unchanged since its adoption, a testament to its strong representation of national identity.

Over the years, the Albanian flag has come to symbolize the nation’s independence, unity, and resistance against subjugation. It has been a rallying symbol during various moments of national significance, including the struggle for independence, World War II, and the fall of communism. The flag is deeply ingrained in the national consciousness and serves as a source of pride and inspiration for Albanians both in the homeland and the diaspora. Its colors and emblem are prominently featured in cultural expressions and public life, reflecting the enduring spirit and resilience of the Albanian people.