Flag of Andorra

Andorra Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesAD, AND, 020
Official NamePrincipality of Andorra
CapitalAndorra la Vella
Government TypeParliamentary Co-Principality
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+376
Member OfUnited Nations, Council of Europe
PopulationApprox. 77,000 (as of 2023)
Total Area468 square kilometers
Highest PointComa Pedrosa (2,942 meters or 9,652 feet)
Lowest PointGran Valira River (840 meters or 2,756 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $42,500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 81 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.ad

Andorran National Anthem

El Gran Carlemany

The great Charlemagne, my Father, liberated me from the Saracens
And from heaven he gave me life, of Meritxell, the great Mother
I was born a Princess, a Maiden neutral between two nations
I am the only remaining daughter, of the Carolingian empire
Believing and free for eleven centuries
Believing and free I will be
The laws of the land be my tutors, and the Princes my liberators

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Andorran Flag

The flag of Andorra is a symbol of the principality’s history, culture, and its unique political status. The flag, as we know it today, was officially adopted on August 27, 1971, but its origins and symbolism date back much further.

The flag consists of three vertical bands of blue, yellow, and red, with the coat of arms of Andorra emblazoned in the center of the yellow band. The blue and red colors are taken from the French flag, while the yellow and red are from the Spanish flag, symbolizing Andorra’s historical ties and co-principality status between France and Spain.

The coat of arms in the center of the flag includes several elements representing the cultural and political heritage of Andorra. It features a mitre and a crosier symbolizing the Bishop of Urgell, one of Andorra’s co-princes. The two red cows represent the Béarn, the historical region under the French co-prince. The presence of these symbols reflects the unique diarchal arrangement of Andorra, where the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell serve jointly as heads of state.

The design of the Andorran flag has remained relatively unchanged since its adoption. However, the flag has been a central symbol of Andorra’s national identity, sovereignty, and its position in the Pyrenees between France and Spain. The colors and symbols on the flag encapsulate the essence of Andorra’s past, its cultural richness, and its status as an independent European microstate. The flag is a source of pride for Andorrans and represents the enduring spirit of this small but vibrant country.