Flag of Armenia

Armenia Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesAM, ARM, 051
Official NameRepublic of Armenia
Government TypeParliamentary Republic
CurrencyArmenian dram (AMD)
Calling Code+374
Member OfUnited Nations, Eurasian Economic Union, Commonwealth of Independent States, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation
PopulationApprox. 3 million (as of 2023)
Total Area29,743 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Aragats (4,090 meters or 13,419 feet)
Lowest PointDebed River (400 meters or 1,312 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $4,000 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 75 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.am

Armenian National Anthem

Mer Hayrenik

Our Fatherland, free, independent
That has for centuries lived
Is now summoning its sons
To the free, independent Armenia
Here is a flag for you, my brother
That I have sewn with my hands
Over the sleepless nights
And bathed in my tears
See, it’s only three colors
But it’s our gifted symbol
Let it shine against the enemy
Let Armenia always be glorious
Death is the same everywhere
A man dies but once
Blessed is the one that dies
For the freedom of his nation

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Armenian Flag

The flag of Armenia, known for its distinctive red, blue, and orange stripes, carries a deep significance and a rich history. Officially adopted on August 24, 1990, shortly before Armenia’s declaration of independence from the Soviet Union, it reflects the country’s heritage and the Armenian people’s struggle for sovereignty.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width. The top stripe is red, symbolizing the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people’s continued struggle for survival, and the Christian faith. The middle stripe is blue, representing the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The bottom stripe is orange, symbolizing the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia.

The design of the Armenian flag dates back to the 19th century during the Armenian national liberation movement. The current tricolor was first used in the short-lived Democratic Republic of Armenia from 1918 to 1920, following the collapse of the Russian Empire. However, during Soviet rule, Armenia was represented by a different flag. After gaining independence, Armenia reverted to the original colors to signify the restoration of sovereignty and national identity.

The flag is a symbol of pride and resilience for Armenians both in the homeland and the diaspora. It reflects the country’s tumultuous history, cultural richness, and the aspirations of its people for freedom and self-determination. Throughout its history, the Armenian flag has been a rallying symbol for national unity and the enduring spirit of the Armenian people. It’s not just a national emblem; it represents the Armenian nation’s past, present, and future.