Flag of Bhutan

Bhutan Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesBT, BTN, 064
Official NameKingdom of Bhutan
Government TypeConstitutional monarchy
CurrencyBhutanese ngultrum (BTN)
Calling Code+975
Member OfUnited Nations, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
PopulationApprox. 760,000 (as of 2023)
Total Area38,394 square kilometers
Highest PointGangkhar Puensum (7,570 meters or 24,836 feet)
Lowest PointDrangme Chhu (97 meters or 318 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $3,300 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 71 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.bt

Bhutanese National Anthem

Druk tsendhen

In the Kingdom of Druk, where cypresses grow
Refuge of the glorious monastic and civil traditions
The King of Druk, precious sovereign
His being is eternal, his reign prosperous
The enlightenment teachings thrive and flourish
May the people shine like the sun of peace and happiness

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Bhutanese Flag

The flag of Bhutan is a distinctive national symbol that embodies the country’s culture, spiritual heritage, and political history. Officially adopted in 1969, the design of the flag is closely tied to Bhutan’s Buddhist traditions and the monarchy.

The flag is diagonally divided into two halves. The upper yellow half represents the secular authority of the king, while the lower saffron-orange half symbolizes the religious practice and Buddhist values that are integral to Bhutan’s national identity. At the center is a white dragon, known as the Druk, which is the emblem of Bhutan. The dragon holds jewels in its claws, symbolizing the wealth and prosperity of the nation.

The origin of the flag dates back to the early 20th century when a similar design was used. The current design was formalized in 1969 under the guidance of Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third King of Bhutan. The flag underwent minor modifications in 1972. The use of the dragon in Bhutan’s flag is significant as it represents the name of Bhutan in the local language, Druk Yul, meaning “Land of the Thunder Dragon.” The dragon’s white color signifies purity and loyalty, and its snarling mouth expresses the strength and commitment of the protectors of the country.

Throughout its history, the Bhutanese flag has been a symbol of the nation’s unique cultural identity and its commitment to preserving its traditions and values. It reflects Bhutan’s independence and the unity between the monarchy and the people in maintaining the country’s heritage. The flag is an integral part of Bhutan’s national ceremonies and public life, representing the pride and unity of the Bhutanese people.