Flag of Bulgaria

Bulgaria Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesBG, BGR, 100
Official NameRepublic of Bulgaria
Government TypeParliamentary republic
CurrencyBulgarian lev (BGN)
Calling Code+359
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, Council of Europe, WTO
PopulationApprox. 7 million (as of 2023)
Total Area110,994 square kilometers
Highest PointMusala (2,925 meters or 9,596 feet)
Lowest PointBlack Sea (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $9,500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 75 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.bg

Bulgarian National Anthem

Mila Rodino

Dear Motherland,
You are heaven on earth,
Your beauty, your loveliness,
Ah, they are boundless.
Countless fighters died,
For our beloved nation,
Mother, give us manly strength
To continue their path.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Bulgarian Flag

The flag of Bulgaria, adopted after the Russo-Turkish War and the subsequent liberation of Bulgaria in 1879, is steeped in national history and symbolism. The current design was officially established with the adoption of the new Bulgarian constitution in 1991.

The Bulgarian flag consists of three horizontal stripes of equal size in white, green, and red. Initially, after the liberation, the stripes were in the order of white, green, and blue, following the colors of the Russian flag as a sign of gratitude towards Russia for its role in Bulgaria’s liberation. The blue stripe was later replaced with red to better reflect the traditional colors found in Bulgarian folklore and history.

The white color on the top stripe symbolizes peace, love, and freedom. The green stripe in the middle represents the agricultural richness and the fertile lands of Bulgaria. The red stripe at the bottom symbolizes the bravery and valor of those who died fighting for Bulgaria’s freedom and independence.

Throughout its history, the Bulgarian flag has undergone several changes, especially during periods of foreign domination and political shifts. However, the modern flag, with its current color scheme, has remained largely unchanged since 1879, symbolizing national unity and pride.

The flag is a source of national pride and is prominently displayed during national holidays, official events, and in international forums, representing the spirit and resilience of the Bulgarian people. The Bulgarian flag, with its simple yet meaningful design, symbolizes the nation’s past struggles, cultural heritage, and aspirations for the future.