Flag of Canada

Canada Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesCA, CAN, 124
Official NameCanada
ContinentNorth America
Government TypeFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
CurrencyCanadian Dollar (CAD)
Calling Code+1
Member OfUnited Nations, NATO, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, G7, G20
PopulationApprox. 38 million (as of 2023)
Total Area9,984,670 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Logan (5,959 meters or 19,551 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $46,200 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 82 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.ca

Canadian National Anthem

O Canada

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all of us command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide,
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

United States Flag
United States

History of the Canadian Flag

The flag of Canada, also known as the Maple Leaf, was inaugurated on February 15, 1965. The flag symbolizes Canadian identity and values, such as freedom, peace, and strength.

The Canadian flag features two vertical bands of red on each side with a white square in the middle. In the center of the white square is a stylized, red, 11-pointed maple leaf. The maple leaf has been a symbol of Canada and its nature since the 18th century. The red and white colors were proclaimed as Canada’s national colors by King George V in 1921.

Before adopting the current flag, Canada used several different flags that included the Union Jack and the Canadian Red Ensign. The need for a distinctive flag arose in the 1960s, leading to a great national debate and the eventual design of the Maple Leaf by George F.G. Stanley and John Matheson. The flag was selected to represent all Canadians as opposed to the Union Jack or a combination of the two founding nations’ symbols, which were present in the previous flags.

The design of the flag, with its single maple leaf, is simple yet striking. It avoids the use of traditional national symbols such as a shield, coat of arms, or royal symbols, making it unique. The flag quickly became a symbol of Canadian pride and unity, and its adoption is celebrated annually on National Flag of Canada Day. The Canadian flag is not only a national symbol but also represents Canada’s commitment to multiculturalism and its reputation as a peaceful and friendly nation.