Flag of Cuba

Cuba Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesCU, CUB, 192
Official NameRepublic of Cuba
ContinentNorth America
Government TypeOne-party socialist republic
CurrencyCuban Peso (CUP), Convertible Peso (CUC)
Calling Code+53
Member OfUnited Nations, Non-Aligned Movement
PopulationApprox. 11.3 million (as of 2023)
Total Area109,884 square kilometers
Highest PointPico Turquino (1,974 meters or 6,476 feet)
Lowest PointCaribbean Sea (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $8,300 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 79 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.cu

Cuban National Anthem

El Himno de Bayamo (The Bayamo Anthem)

Haste to battle, men of Bayamo,
For the homeland looks proudly to you.
Do not fear a glorious death,
Because to die for the homeland is to live.
To live in chains
Is to live in dishonor and ignominy.
Hear the clarion call,
Hasten, brave ones, to battle!

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Cuban Flag

The flag of Cuba was first adopted on May 20, 1902, and carries a rich history symbolizing the nation’s struggle for independence and identity. The design and colors of the flag are imbued with significant meaning.

The flag consists of five horizontal stripes of blue and white, with a red equilateral triangle at the hoist bearing a white star, known as La Estrella Solitaria (The Lone Star). The three blue stripes represent the three departments in which Cuba was divided during the independence war, while the white stripes symbolize the purity of the independence ideal. The red triangle stands for the blood shed in the struggle for liberation, and the white star symbolizes independence and freedom.

The flag was designed in 1849 by Narciso López, a Venezuelan-born general of the Spanish Army who sympathized with the Cuban independence movement. The original flag was sewn by Emilia Teurbe Tolón. López used this flag during his unsuccessful expeditions aimed at liberating Cuba from Spanish rule. It was later adopted as the national flag when Cuba gained independence.

Since its adoption, the Cuban flag has become a symbol of national pride, freedom, and resistance. It has been a rallying symbol during various periods of national strife and political changes. The flag is displayed prominently across the country and is a central feature in national celebrations and official events. The design of the Cuban flag has remained unchanged since its inception, representing the enduring spirit and resilience of the Cuban people and their continued aspiration for sovereignty and self-determination.