Flag of Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesDO, DOM, 214
Official NameDominican Republic
ContinentNorth America (Caribbean region)
CapitalSanto Domingo
Government TypeRepresentative democracy
CurrencyDominican Peso (DOP)
Calling Code+1 809, +1 829, +1 849
Member OfUnited Nations, Organization of American States, CARICOM (observer)
PopulationApprox. 10.8 million (as of 2023)
Total Area48,671 square kilometers
Highest PointPico Duarte (3,098 meters or 10,164 feet)
Lowest PointLago Enriquillo (-46 meters or -151 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $8,900 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 74 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.do

Dominican Republic National Anthem

Quisqueyanos valientes (Brave Quisqueyans)

Brave men of Quisqueya,
Let us sing with strong feeling,
And let us show the world our invincible, glorious banner.
Hail the people who, strong and intrepid,
Launched into war at the cry of death;
When their proud necks were not yet submitted,
To the vile yoke the oppressor had prepared.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

Haiti Flag

History of the Dominican Republic Flag

The flag of the Dominican Republic was officially adopted on November 6, 1844, making it one of the world’s oldest flags. Its design is rich in symbolism and reflects the country’s history and struggle for independence.

The flag consists of a white cross dividing it into four rectangles: two blue (top right and bottom left) and two red (top left and bottom right). The blue color symbolizes liberty, the white cross signifies salvation, and the red panels represent the blood of heroes. At the center of the cross is the coat of arms featuring a shield with a Bible, a cross, and the motto “Dios, Patria, Libertad” (God, Homeland, Freedom). The shield is flanked by an olive branch and a palm frond, symbolizing peace and victory.

The flag’s design was conceived by Juan Pablo Duarte, one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic. The use of the white cross is a distinctive feature that sets the Dominican flag apart from other tricolor flags. It signifies the nation’s dedication to the Christian faith and its role in the country’s liberation.

Since its inception, the Dominican Republic flag has undergone minor changes, particularly in the coat of arms. The flag symbolizes national pride, independence, and the rich cultural heritage of the Dominican people. It is displayed prominently in public buildings, schools, and at national celebrations, and is a source of unity and identity for Dominicans both within the country and abroad. The flag embodies the spirit of the Dominican Republic, representing its past struggles and ongoing aspirations as a sovereign nation.