Flag of Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesGQ, GNQ, 226
Official NameRepublic of Equatorial Guinea
CapitalMalabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government)
Government TypePresidential republic
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Calling Code+240
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Francophonie, OPEC
PopulationApprox. 1.4 million (as of 2023)
Total Area28,050 square kilometers
Highest PointPico Basile (3,008 meters or 9,869 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $8,000 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 59 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.gq

Equatorial Guinea National Anthem

Caminemos pisando la senda (Let’s Walk the Path)

Let’s walk the path
Of our great happiness.
In brotherhood, without separation,
Singers, rise up the voice,
Under the national flag.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Equatorial Guinea Flag

The flag of Equatorial Guinea was officially adopted on August 21, 1979, following amendments to the design that were made after the country’s independence from Spain in 1968.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of green, white, and red, with a blue triangle at the hoist. The green symbolizes the natural resources and jungles of the country. The white stands for peace, and the red represents the blood shed for independence. The blue triangle signifies the sea, which connects the main country with the islands.

At the center of the white stripe is the national coat of arms, which includes a silk cotton tree, also known as the ‘God tree,’ under which the first treaty was signed between Spain and the local ruler. The coat of arms also features six six-pointed stars that represent the mainland and the five main islands.

The flag has undergone changes since the initial version adopted at independence. The original flag, designed in 1968, had a different coat of arms. The current coat of arms was introduced in 1979 and represents a sense of unity and the country’s aspirations.

The flag of Equatorial Guinea reflects its colonial history, the struggle for independence, and the unity of its diverse islands and mainland territory. It is a symbol of national pride and is prominently displayed in public buildings, at national events, and in international forums, representing the identity and sovereignty of Equatorial Guinea.