Flag of Eritrea

Eritrea Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesER, ERI, 232
Official NameState of Eritrea
Government TypeSingle-party presidential republic
CurrencyEritrean nakfa (ERN)
Calling Code+291
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union
PopulationApprox. 6 million (as of 2023)
Total Area117,600 square kilometers
Highest PointEmba Soira (3,018 meters or 9,902 feet)
Lowest PointDanakil Depression (-75 meters or -246 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $1,600 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 66 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.er

Eritrea National Anthem

Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea)

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,
Her arch-enemy destroyed, her sacrifices vindicated,
Oh Liberation, you’re the result of her perseverance.
Eritrea, the pride of the oppressed people,
Is a testament of resilience and resolve, overcoming decades of colonial rule.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Eritrea Flag

The flag of Eritrea was officially adopted on December 5, 1995, following the country’s independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a long and arduous struggle.

The design of the flag is rich in symbolism and reflects the country’s journey towards independence. The flag features three triangles of green, red, and blue. The green color symbolizes the agriculture and livestock of the country, the blue represents the marine resources, and the red stands for the blood shed during the fight for independence. These colors are a representation of the diverse aspects of the Eritrean landscape and the sacrifices made for freedom.

At the center of the red triangle, there is a golden olive wreath with an olive branch on either side. This was derived from the flag of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) and symbolizes peace. The olive wreath is a direct connection to the flag used during the independence movement, linking the past struggles to the country’s present and future.

The flag’s design has remained consistent since its adoption, serving as a symbol of national identity, pride, and the resilience of the Eritrean people. It is flown in public buildings, at national events, and in international settings, representing Eritrea’s sovereignty and its history of perseverance and determination. The Eritrean flag stands not just as a national emblem but also as a reminder of the country’s journey towards independence and its ongoing aspirations for peace and development.