Flag of France

France Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesFR, FRA, 250
Official NameFrench Republic
Government TypeUnitary semi-presidential republic
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+33
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, G7, G20, OECD, Francophonie
PopulationApprox. 67 million (as of 2023)
Total Area640,679 square kilometers
Highest PointMont Blanc (4,808 meters or 15,774 feet)
Lowest PointÉtang de Lavalduc (-10 meters or -33 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $42,000 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 82 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.fr

France National Anthem

La Marseillaise (The Song of Marseille)

Arise, children of the Fatherland,
The day of glory has arrived!
Against us, tyranny’s
Bloody banner is raised, (repeat)
Do you hear, in the countryside,
The roar of those ferocious soldiers?
They’re coming right into your arms
To cut the throats of your sons, your women!
To arms, citizens,
Form your battalions,
Let’s march, let’s march!
Let an impure blood
Water our furrows! (repeat)

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the France Flag

The national flag of France, commonly known as the Tricolour (Tricolore), consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country’s national colors: blue, white, and red. The flag was officially adopted on February 15, 1794.

The origins of the flag date back to the French Revolution. The blue and red are the traditional colors of Paris and were used in the cockade of Paris. White was added to the national cockade to create the tricolor. Traditionally, the colors are identified as the colors of Saint Martin (blue) and Saint Denis (red), two Christian martyrs revered in France.

Over the years, the flag has become a symbol of the Republic of France and is a representation of the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity—the ideals of the French Revolution. During the Bourbon Restoration, the white flag was used, but the July Revolution of 1830 reinstated the tricolor, and it has been used ever since.

The French flag has had a significant influence on the design of other national flags, especially in Europe, Africa, and the Americas, due to France’s colonial past and the spread of the ideals of the French Revolution. It’s a potent symbol of national pride and is prominently displayed on public buildings, at national events, and in international forums. The flag embodies the spirit of the French nation, its history, and its commitment to the principles of democracy and human rights.