Flag of Georgia

Georgia Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesGE, GEO, 268
Official NameGeorgia
Government TypeSemi-presidential Republic
CurrencyGeorgian Lari (GEL)
Calling Code+995
Member OfUnited Nations, World Trade Organization, Council of Europe, Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, Eastern Partnership of the European Union
PopulationApprox. 3.7 million (as of 2023)
Total Area69,700 square kilometers
Highest PointShkhara (5,193 meters or 17,040 feet)
Lowest PointBlack Sea (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $4,700 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 73 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.ge

Georgia National Anthem

Tavisupleba (Freedom)

My icon is my motherland,
And the whole world is its icon-stand.
Bright mounts and valleys,
Are shared with God.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Georgia Flag

The current flag of Georgia, known as the “Five Cross Flag,” was adopted on January 14, 2004. It features a white field with a large red cross at the center and four smaller red crosses in each of the white quadrants. The design is known as the Jerusalem cross, a symbol used during the Crusades.

The flag’s history dates back to the medieval Kingdom of Georgia. It was revived in the 1990s by the Georgian patriotic movement and was officially adopted in the early 2000s during a period of national revival and government reform.

The central red cross represents the Christian faith, a significant aspect of Georgian national identity. The four smaller crosses symbolize the four Gospels of the New Testament. The use of the Jerusalem cross connects Georgia’s history to the wider history of Christianity.

Georgia’s flag is a symbol of its ancient heritage, religious tradition, and the country’s struggles for independence and self-determination. It replaced the previous flag, a red banner with a dark red cross in the canton, which was used during Georgia’s time as a Soviet Republic.

The adoption of the new flag marked a significant shift in Georgia’s national identity, reflecting its aspirations towards European integration and its distinct cultural and historical legacy. The flag is a point of pride for many Georgians and symbolizes their enduring spirit and resilience in the face of historical challenges.