Flag of Germany

Germany Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesDE, DEU, 276
Official NameFederal Republic of Germany
Government TypeFederal Parliamentary Republic
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+49
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, G7, G20
PopulationApprox. 83 million (as of 2023)
Total Area357,022 square kilometers
Highest PointZugspitze (2,962 meters or 9,718 feet)
Lowest PointNeuendorf-Sachsenbande (-3.54 meters or -11.6 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $46,000 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 81 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.de

Germany National Anthem

Deutschlandlied (Song of Germany)

Unity and justice and freedom
For the German fatherland!
Towards these let us all strive
Brotherly with heart and hand!
Unity and justice and freedom
Are the pledge of fortune;
Flourish in this fortune’s blessing,
Flourish, German fatherland.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Germany Flag

The national flag of Germany consists of three equal horizontal bands of black, red, and gold. This flag was first adopted in 1919 during the Weimar Republic era, re-adopted in 1949, and has been the official flag of the reunited Germany since 1990.

The colors of the flag trace back to the early 19th century, during the struggles against Napoleonic rule. The black, red, and gold were adopted by the Lützow Free Corps, a volunteer force of the Prussian army, and were later associated with the liberal, democratic movements of the time. These colors were briefly the flag of the German Confederation in the 1840s.

The flag was abolished during the period of Nazi rule (1933-1945) and was replaced by the regime’s swastika flag. After World War II, the black, red, and gold flag was reinstated as the flag of West Germany, and subsequently, it became the flag of a reunified Germany in 1990.

The black, red, and gold colors are symbolic of the democratic and republican traditions of Germany. The flag, known as the “Schwarz-Rot-Gold,” symbolizes the country’s commitment to these principles and its rejection of the totalitarian past. The German flag is a symbol of unity, democracy, and the country’s ongoing journey towards peace and prosperity. It is a significant emblem of national identity, representing the resilience and revival of the German nation.