Flag of Ghana

Ghana Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesGH, GHA, 288
Official NameRepublic of Ghana
Government TypePresidential Republic
CurrencyGhanaian Cedi (GHS)
Calling Code+233
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Commonwealth of Nations
PopulationApprox. 31 million (as of 2023)
Total Area238,533 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Afadja (885 meters or 2,904 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $2,200 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 64 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.gh

Ghana National Anthem

God Bless Our Homeland Ghana

God bless our homeland Ghana,
And make our nation great and strong,
Bold to defend forever,
The cause of Freedom and of Right.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Ghana Flag

The flag of Ghana was designed by Theodosia Okoh and was first adopted on March 6, 1957, the day Ghana gained independence from Britain. It was the first African country to achieve independence from colonial rule, and its flag set a trend for African liberation movements.

The flag consists of the Pan-African colors: red, yellow, and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the center of the gold stripe. The red represents the blood of those who died in Ghana’s struggle for independence, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, and the green symbolizes the rich forests and natural wealth of Ghana. The black star is known as the “Lodestar of African Freedom” and symbolizes African emancipation and unity against colonialism.

The flag underwent a brief change in 1964 when a white stripe was introduced, but it reverted to its original design in 1966 following a coup d’état. The Ghanaian flag is a powerful symbol of African independence, sovereignty, and a reminder of the sacrifices made for freedom. It reflects Ghana’s identity and aspirations and is a source of pride and unity for its people. The flag is celebrated for its pioneering role in the symbolism of African nationalism and Pan-Africanism.