Flag of Lithuania

Lithuania Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesLT, LTU
Official NameRepublic of Lithuania
Government TypeParliamentary republic
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+370
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, Council of Europe
PopulationApproximately 2.8 million (as of 2023)
Total AreaApproximately 65,300 square kilometers
Highest PointAukštojas Hill (294 meters or 964 feet)
Lowest PointNemunas Delta (−5 meters or −16 feet)
GDP Per CapitaEstimated at around $19,600 USD (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyEstimated at around 76 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.lt

Lithuania National Anthem

Tautiška giesmė (The National Hymn)

Lithuania, our homeland
Land of heroes!
Let your sons draw strength
From our past experience.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Lithuania Flag

The Lithuanian flag, with its distinctive horizontal tricolor of yellow, green, and red, was officially adopted on March 20, 1989, but its origins can be traced back to the early 20th century. The flag symbolizes national identity and pride, and its colors carry deep meanings.

The yellow represents the sun, light, and prosperity. It signifies the country’s past and future glory, as well as the hard work of the Lithuanian people. The green symbolizes the beauty of nature, freedom, and hope. Lithuania’s lush landscapes and forests are represented in this color. The red stands for the blood shed in the struggle for independence and symbolizes courage and the sacrifices made by the nation’s heroes.

The history of the flag is intertwined with Lithuania’s struggle for independence. After the proclamation of independence in 1918, this tricolor became a symbol of national resistance against various occupations throughout the 20th century. During the Soviet era, the flag was banned and replaced by the Soviet flag. It was only after the collapse of the Soviet Union that the original tricolor was reinstated as the national flag.

Significantly, the flag was re-adopted before Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union, during the period of national revival and protest. The flag thus not only represents the country’s national identity but also its journey to regain and maintain sovereignty. The Lithuanian flag is a symbol of resilience, a testament to the country’s history and the spirit of its people.