Flag of Mongolia

Mongolia Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesMN, MNG, 496
Official NameMongolia
Government TypeParliamentary Republic
CurrencyMongolian Tögrög (MNT)
Calling Code+976
Member OfUnited Nations, World Trade Organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
PopulationApproximately 3.3 million
Total Area1,564,116 km²
Highest PointKhüiten Peak in the Altai Mountains (4,374 meters, 14,350 feet)
Lowest PointHoh Nuur (560 meters, 1,837 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 4,000
Life Expectancy69 years
Internet TLD.mn

Mongolia National Anthem

Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal (National Anthem of Mongolia)

Our unwavering independent nation
All Mongols’ sacred ancestry
With valor and wisdom
Under eternal heaven’s blessing
Continuously flourishes, forever long.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Mongolia Flag

The national flag of Mongolia was officially adopted on February 12, 1992, following the transition from a communist state to a parliamentary republic. The flag consists of three vertical stripes: two red on the outside and a blue stripe in the middle. The left red stripe features the Soyombo symbol, a unique emblem of Mongolia.

The colors of the flag hold significant meaning. The red symbolizes progress and prosperity, reflecting the nation’s socialist past and its aspirations for the future. The blue stripe represents the sky, a crucial element in traditional Mongolian spiritual beliefs, particularly Tengrism, which reveres the Eternal Blue Sky. The central blue stripe is also indicative of Mongolia’s nickname, “Land of the Eternal Blue Sky.”

The Soyombo symbol is an ancient Mongolian emblem that has various interpretations. Generally, it symbolizes the freedom and independence of the Mongolian people. The symbol consists of elements that represent fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the Taijitu or Yin-Yang symbol, expressing the harmony of opposites. It is an essential element of the flag, representing Mongolia’s rich cultural heritage and national identity.

The current flag’s design evolved from the flag adopted after the Mongolian People’s Revolution of 1921, which also featured the Soyombo. Over the years, the flag underwent several modifications, particularly during the communist era, when a star was added above the Soyombo. The removal of the star and the adoption of the current design in 1992 marked Mongolia’s transition to democracy and a renewed emphasis on national heritage and independence. The Mongolian flag is a source of national pride and is prominently displayed during national festivals, public events, and in governmental contexts, symbolizing the unity and resilience of the Mongolian nation.