Flag of Myanmar

Myanmar Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesMM, MMR, 104
Official NameRepublic of the Union of Myanmar
Government TypeUnitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
CurrencyBurmese Kyat (MMK)
Calling Code+95
Member OfUnited Nations, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Non-Aligned Movement, Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
PopulationApproximately 54 million
Total Area676,578 km²
Highest PointHkakabo Razi (5,881 meters, 19,295 feet)
Lowest PointAndaman Sea and Bay of Bengal (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 1,408
Life Expectancy68.9 years
Internet TLD.mm

Myanmar National Anthem

Kaba Ma Kyei (Till the End of the World)

Until the world ends up shattering,
Long live Myanmar!
We love our land because this is our real inheritance.
We will sacrifice our lives to protect our country,
This is our nation, this is our land and it belongs to us.
Being our nation and our land, let us do good causes to it!
This is our land, this is our nation and it belongs to us.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Myanmar Flag

The national flag of Myanmar, adopted on October 21, 2010, represents a significant shift from the country’s previous flags. The flag is a horizontal tricolor of yellow, green, and red, with a large white five-pointed star in the center. Each color on the flag carries specific symbolism. Yellow symbolizes solidarity; green represents peace, tranquility, and lush greenery; red signifies courage and determination; and the white star stands for the significance of the union of the country.

This flag replaced the earlier flag used since 1974, which consisted of a red field with a blue canton in the upper-left corner bearing 14 white stars encircling a cogwheel and a rice plant. The change in the flag was part of a series of reforms following the end of military rule and the establishment of a civilian government. The new flag’s design was intended to represent a new era for Myanmar, moving away from the symbols associated with the country’s military past.

The history of Myanmar’s flags reflects the country’s complex and turbulent history. Before 1974, the country, then known as Burma, used a flag with a red field and a peacock in the center, which was introduced after gaining independence from British rule in 1948. The various flag changes over the years represent different political eras and shifts in national identity.

The current flag is a symbol of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar’s unity and hopes for a peaceful and prosperous future. It is displayed across the country and used in official and international contexts, symbolizing the pride and aspirations of the people of Myanmar. The flag’s adoption marks a significant moment in the country’s history, representing both a break from its past and a commitment to a new national identity.