Flag of Nepal

Nepal Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesNP, NPL, 524
Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Government TypeFederal Parliamentary Republic
CurrencyNepalese Rupee (NPR)
Calling Code+977
Member OfUnited Nations, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank, Non-Aligned Movement
PopulationApproximately 29 million
Total Area147,516 km²
Highest PointMount Everest (8,848 meters, 29,029 feet)
Lowest PointKechana Kalan (70 meters, 230 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 1,071
Life Expectancy70 years
Internet TLD.np

Nepal National Anthem

Sayaun Thunga Phoolka (Made of Hundreds of Flowers)

Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland – Nepali
Sovereign, spread out from Mechi to Mahakali
A playground for nature’s wealth unending
Out of the sacrifice of our braves, a nation free and unyielding
A land of knowledge, of peace, the plains, hills, and mountains tall
Indivisible, this beloved, our motherland Nepal.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Nepal Flag

The national flag of Nepal is unique, noted for being the only non-rectangular national flag in the world. Officially adopted on December 16, 1962, but in use for much longer, the flag consists of two stacked crimson red pennants with a blue border, and it features a white sun and crescent moon.

The flag’s origins can be traced back to medieval times, making it one of the oldest flags. The two pennants originally represented different rival branches of the ruling dynasty, and their eventual combination symbolized unity. The crimson red color of the flag represents the brave spirit of the Nepalese people, while the blue border symbolizes peace and harmony.

The symbols on the flag, the sun and the moon, have profound meanings. The moon with eight rays and the sun with twelve rays represent the permanence of the nation, reflecting the hope that Nepal will endure as long as these celestial bodies. The flag’s shape is based on a centuries-old Hindu tradition.

Over the years, the flag has become a powerful symbol of national pride and cultural identity for Nepal. The unique design of the flag is a reflection of Nepal’s distinct cultural heritage and its status as a nation that has never been colonized. The flag is prominently displayed in public buildings, on national occasions, and at international events, representing the unity and resilience of the Nepalese people.