Flag of Netherlands

Netherlands Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesNL, NLD, 528
Official NameKingdom of the Netherlands
Government TypeConstitutional Monarchy with a Parliamentary System
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+31
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, World Trade Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Bank, International Monetary Fund
PopulationApproximately 17.4 million
Total Area41,543 km²
Highest PointMount Scenery on Saba (887 meters, 2,910 feet)
Lowest PointZuidplaspolder (-7 meters, -23 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 52,368
Life Expectancy82 years
Internet TLD.nl

Netherlands National Anthem

Het Wilhelmus (The William)

William of Nassau, scion
Of a Dutch and ancient line,
I dedicate undying
Faith to this land of mine.
A prince am I undaunted,
Of Orange, ever free,
To the king of Spain I’ve granted
A lifelong loyalty.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Netherlands Flag

The national flag of the Netherlands, known as the “Dutch Tricolor,” is one of the oldest tricolor flags in continuous use. Officially adopted on February 19, 1937, but in use since the 17th century, the flag consists of three horizontal bands of color: red on the top, white in the middle, and blue on the bottom.

The origins of the Dutch flag date back to the Dutch Revolt against Spanish rule in the late 16th century. Initially, the flag had an orange stripe instead of the red one. The orange color represented the Prince of Orange, a leader in the Dutch independence movement. Over time, the orange stripe was replaced by a red one. This change was likely due to the red dye’s superior visibility at sea and its common use in maritime flags at the time.

The flag’s colors have significant meaning: red symbolizes the people and their freedom, white stands for peace and honesty, and blue represents loyalty, justice, and vigilance. Throughout history, the flag has been a symbol of Dutch independence, maritime power, and national pride. It has witnessed the Netherlands’ transformation from a powerful maritime empire to a modern, democratic state.

The Dutch flag has inspired the color schemes of several other national flags, notably the Russian and French flags. It is a potent national symbol, prominently displayed on national holidays, at international events, and in public buildings. The flag’s simple design and striking colors have made it an enduring symbol of the Dutch nation and its values.