Flag of Panama

Panama Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesPA, PAN, 591
Official NameRepublic of Panama
ContinentNorth America
CapitalPanama City
Government TypePresidential Republic
CurrencyPanamanian Balboa (PAB), United States Dollar (USD)
Calling Code+507
Member OfUnited Nations, Organization of American States, Central American Integration System, Latin American Integration Association
PopulationApproximately 4.3 million
Total Area75,417 km²
Highest PointVolcán Barú (3,475 meters, 11,401 feet)
Lowest PointPacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 15,679
Life Expectancy79 years
Internet TLD.pa

Panama National Anthem

Himno Istmeño (Isthmus Hymn)

At the world’s crossroads, Panamanians
Raise your unpolluted brow;
Your soil is washed by two oceans,
That give path to noble endeavor.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Panama Flag

The national flag of Panama was officially adopted on November 3, 1903, immediately following the country’s independence from Colombia. The flag was designed by María de la Ossa de Amador and has a significant meaning that reflects Panama’s political history and its vision for the future.

The flag features four rectangles, two of which are white. The top left rectangle has a single blue star, while the top right rectangle is red. The bottom left rectangle is plain white, and the bottom right rectangle has a single red star. The two stars represent the two political parties of the time, the Conservatives (represented by the color red) and the Liberals (represented by the color blue), while the white symbolizes peace between them. The blue star symbolizes purity and honesty, and the red star authority and law.

The design of the flag was part of the effort to create a national identity distinct from Colombia and to symbolize the new nation’s hopes for a peaceful, democratic future. The flag was also designed to visually and symbolically represent Panama’s geographical position, connecting two oceans and serving as a bridge between North and South America.

Since its adoption, the flag of Panama has become a symbol of national pride and is central to Panamanian identity. It is prominently displayed during national holidays, in governmental buildings, and at international events. The flag symbolizes Panama’s sovereignty, its diverse cultural heritage, and its role as a connector of worlds, both literally and metaphorically. The flag’s design captures the essence of Panama’s history, its political journey, and its aspirations as a nation.