Flag of Philippines

Philippines Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesPH, PHL, 608
Official NameRepublic of the Philippines
Government TypeUnitary Presidential Constitutional Republic
CurrencyPhilippine Peso (PHP)
Calling Code+63
Member OfUnited Nations, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
PopulationApproximately 110 million
Total Area300,000 km²
Highest PointMount Apo (2,954 meters, 9,692 feet)
Lowest PointPhilippine Sea and South China Sea (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 3,430
Life Expectancy71 years
Internet TLD.ph

Philippines National Anthem

Lupang Hinirang (Chosen Land)

Land of the morning,
Child of the sun returning,
With fervor burning,
Thee do our souls adore.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Philippines Flag

The national flag of the Philippines, known as the “Three Stars and a Sun” flag, was officially adopted on June 12, 1898, during the proclamation of Philippine independence from Spanish rule. The flag was conceptualized by Emilio Aguinaldo, the first President of the Philippines.

The flag features a horizontal bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet red, and a white equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the center of the triangle is a golden sun with eight primary rays, each containing three individual rays, and at each vertex of the triangle, a five-pointed star is situated. The eight primary rays of the sun symbolize the eight provinces that initially rebelled against Spanish rule, while the three stars represent the three major geographical areas of the Philippines: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

One unique feature of the Philippine flag is its usage to denote a state of war. When the flag is displayed with the red side on top, it signals that the country is in a state of war. In times of peace, the blue side is displayed on top.

Over the years, the flag has undergone slight modifications, particularly in the shade of blue used, but its essential elements have remained constant. The flag of the Philippines is steeped in history and symbolism, representing the country’s struggle for independence, the unity of its major islands, and the democratic principles it stands for. The flag is a source of pride and patriotism for Filipinos and is prominently displayed nationwide, especially during national and cultural celebrations.