Flag of Poland

Poland Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesPL, POL, 616
Official NameRepublic of Poland
Government TypeUnitary Semi-Presidential Republic
CurrencyPolish Złoty (PLN)
Calling Code+48
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, World Trade Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Visegrád Group
PopulationApproximately 38 million
Total Area312,696 km²
Highest PointRysy (2,499 meters, 8,199 feet)
Lowest PointŻuławy Wiślane (below sea level, -1.8 meters, -5.9 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 15,431
Life Expectancy78 years
Internet TLD.pl

Poland National Anthem

Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (Dąbrowski’s Mazurka)

Poland has not yet perished,
So long as we still live.
What the foreign power has taken from us,
We shall retrieve with a sabre.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Poland Flag

The national flag of Poland was officially adopted on August 1, 1919. The flag features two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper one white and the lower one red. These colors have been significant in Polish history and are based on the national coat of arms, which consists of a white eagle on a red field.

The origin of the Polish flag’s colors dates back to the Polish coat of arms, which has been used since medieval times. The white symbolizes peace and purity, while the red represents the blood shed in the country’s fight for independence. The combination of white and red has been a symbol of Polish statehood and national identity for centuries.

Throughout Poland’s tumultuous history, the flag has remained a symbol of national pride and resilience. During the periods of partitions and foreign occupation, the flag was a symbol of resistance and hope for independence. The current form of the flag was established after Poland regained its independence in the aftermath of World War I.

The flag of Poland is more than just a national emblem; it is deeply embedded in the nation’s history and identity. It is a symbol of the Polish people’s struggle for freedom and their enduring spirit. The flag is prominently displayed on national holidays, such as National Independence Day, and in public buildings, reflecting the pride and unity of the Polish nation. The simplicity of its design and its powerful symbolism have made the Polish flag an enduring symbol of the nation’s sovereignty and heritage.