Flag of Portugal

Portugal Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesPT, PRT, 620
Official NamePortuguese Republic
Government TypeSemi-presidential Republic
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+351
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PopulationApproximately 10.3 million
Total Area92,212 km²
Highest PointMount Pico on the Azores (2,351 meters, 7,713 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 23,024
Life Expectancy81 years
Internet TLD.pt

Portugal National Anthem

A Portuguesa (The Portuguese)

Heroes of the sea, noble race,
Valiant and immortal nation,
Now is the hour to raise up on high once more
Portugal’s splendour.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

Spain Flag

History of the Portugal Flag

The national flag of Portugal was officially adopted on June 30, 1911, shortly after the establishment of the First Portuguese Republic in 1910. The flag marked a significant departure from the traditional royal standards and symbols that had been used throughout the monarchy.

The flag features a complex design with a field unevenly divided into green at the hoist and red at the fly. The green color is believed to symbolize hope for the future, while the red represents the blood of those who died serving the nation. At the boundary between the colors, the national coat of arms is placed, consisting of a shield with five small blue shields and seven castles, all within a red border featuring small yellow seven-castle towers.

The central shield is the traditional Portuguese shield, a symbol that has been used since the 12th century. The five small blue shields within it are said to represent the five Moorish kings defeated by the first King of Portugal, Afonso I, while the dots inside the shields represent the Miracle of Ourique, where divine intervention is said to have led to a Portuguese victory. The red border with the castles symbolizes the extension of Portugal’s territory to include the Algarve. Above the shield is a navigational device, the Armillary Sphere, a symbol of Portugal’s Age of Discoveries.

The adoption of this flag represented a new era in Portuguese history, reflecting the revolutionary change from monarchy to republic. The flag is a symbol of the country’s rich history, its maritime heritage, and its national identity. It is a source of pride for the Portuguese people, representing their resilience, history, and hopes for the future. The flag is prominently displayed in public buildings, at national events, and during international contexts, symbolizing the unity and sovereignty of Portugal.