Flag of Romania

Romania Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesRO, ROU, 642
Official NameRomania
Government TypeSemi-presidential Republic
CurrencyRomanian Leu (RON)
Calling Code+40
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, Organisation of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation
PopulationApproximately 19 million
Total Area238,397 km²
Highest PointMoldoveanu Peak (2,544 meters, 8,346 feet)
Lowest PointBlack Sea (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 12,301
Life Expectancy76 years
Internet TLD.ro

Romania National Anthem

Deșteaptă-te, române! (Awaken, Romanian!)

Awaken, Romanian, from the sleep of death
Into which you have been sunk by the barbaric tyrants
Now, or never, make a new fate for yourself,
To which even your cruel enemies will bow.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Romania Flag

The national flag of Romania, adopted on December 27, 1989, following the fall of the Communist regime, features three vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and red. The flag has a long history, with its colors symbolizing Romania’s national and cultural identity.

The Romanian flag’s colors date back to the early 19th century, originating from the Walachian revolutionaries, who fought for independence from the Ottoman Empire. The colors were later adopted by the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, which eventually united to form Romania. The three colors represent three Romanian provinces – Wallachia (yellow), Moldavia (red), and Transylvania (blue).

Throughout its history, Romania’s flag underwent various changes, especially during periods of foreign domination and political upheaval. During the Communist era, the coat of arms was added to the center of the flag. However, in the wake of the Romanian Revolution in 1989, the coat of arms was removed, reverting the flag back to its original tricolor design.

The Romanian flag is a symbol of national pride and unity, representing the country’s struggle for independence, unity, and sovereignty. It is prominently displayed on national holidays such as Great Union Day, public buildings, and in international contexts. The flag reflects the nation’s history, its cultural heritage, and the resilience of the Romanian people.