Flag of San Marino

San Marino Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesSM, SMR, 674
Official NameRepublic of San Marino
CapitalSan Marino
Government TypeParliamentary Representative Democratic Republic
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+378
Member OfUnited Nations, Council of Europe
PopulationApproximately 34,000
Total Area61 km²
Highest PointMonte Titano (739 meters, 2,425 feet)
Lowest PointAusa River (55 meters, 180 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 47,500
Life Expectancy83 years
Internet TLD.sm

San Marino National Anthem

Inno Nazionale della Repubblica (National Anthem of the Republic)

O ancient Republic,
Honor to you, virtuous
Honor to you

Flags of Neighboring Countries

Italy Flag

History of the San Marino Flag

The national flag of San Marino was officially adopted on April 6, 1862. The flag features two horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue, representing peace and liberty. The emblem of San Marino, located in the center of the flag, holds significant historical and cultural symbolism.

The emblem consists of a shield depicting three towers on three peaks with a crown symbolizing sovereignty, a wreath, and a scroll bearing the word “Libertas” (Liberty). The three towers represent the three fortresses on the three peaks of Monte Titano, the capital’s historic heart. The crown above the shield signifies the republic’s sovereignty.

San Marino’s flag design reflects its status as the world’s oldest surviving republic. The colors white and blue symbolize peace and freedom, core values of the Sammarinese republic. The emblem and colors have been a part of San Marino’s iconography for centuries, deeply ingrained in its national identity.

Throughout its history, the flag has remained a symbol of the continuity and independence of this small nation amidst larger powers. It is displayed with pride during national events, international sports competitions, and in diplomatic contexts, representing the enduring spirit and cultural heritage of San Marino. The flag symbolizes more than national identity; it represents the unique political and historical journey of San Marino as a beacon of democracy and liberty.