Flag of Scotland

Scotland Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateNo (Part of the United Kingdom)
Country CodesGB-SCT
Official NameScotland
Government TypeDevolved Parliamentary Legislature within a Constitutional Monarchy
CurrencyPound Sterling (GBP)
Calling Code+44
Member OfAs part of the UK: United Nations, NATO, Commonwealth, G7, G20, WTO
PopulationApproximately 5.4 million (2021 estimate)
Total Area77,933 sq km
Highest PointBen Nevis (1,345 meters or 4,413 feet)
Lowest PointSea Level
GDP Per Capita$47,369 (as part of the UK, 2020 estimate)
Life Expectancy77 years (men), 81 years (women) – as part of the UK statistics
Internet TLD.scot (alongside .uk)

Scotland National Anthem

Flower of Scotland

O Flower of Scotland,
When will we see your like again,
That fought and died for,
Your wee bit hill and glen.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Scotland Flag

The flag of Scotland, known as the Saltire or St. Andrew’s Cross, has a fascinating history, rich in symbolism and national pride. It is one of the oldest national flags in the world, dating back to at least the 12th century. The flag features a white diagonal cross on a blue field, representing the martyrdom of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.

According to legend, the origins of the flag date to a battle in 832 AD. Scots, aided by Picts, faced an army of Angles. The Scots were inspired to victory by the appearance of a white saltire, resembling the cross on which St. Andrew was crucified, against the blue sky.

The blue and white colors have become deeply symbolic of Scotland’s identity. The Saltire was formally adopted in the late 14th century and has undergone minimal changes since. It contrasts with the red and white of England’s St. George’s Cross, reflecting Scotland’s distinct cultural and historical identity within the United Kingdom.

The flag is not only a symbol of national pride and heritage but also of resistance and resilience. It has been a rallying point in various movements, particularly during times of political upheaval and discussions of Scottish independence. Its presence at sporting events, cultural celebrations, and political gatherings underscores its significance as an emblem of Scottish identity and pride.