Flag of South Korea

South Korea Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesKR, KOR
Official NameRepublic of Korea (South Korea)
Government TypePresidential Republic
CurrencySouth Korean Won (KRW)
Calling Code+82
Member OfUnited Nations, World Trade Organization, G20, OECD
PopulationApproximately 51.7 million (as of 2023)
Total AreaApproximately 100,210 square kilometers
Highest PointHallasan Mountain (1,947 meters or 6,388 feet)
Lowest PointSea level at the Korean Strait and Yellow Sea
GDP Per CapitaEstimated at around $31,000 USD (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyEstimated at around 83 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.kr

South Korean National Anthem

Aegukga (The Patriotic Song)

May the East Sea’s waves be full of water so clear
And Mt. Baekdu remain with its spirit abounding,
For this land, so fair and wide,
We give our bodies and minds.
In joy or in sorrow,
To our country, we are loyal.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the South Korean Flag

The flag of South Korea, also known as the “Taegeukgi,” was officially adopted on January 25, 1950. The flag’s history and design are deeply rooted in the philosophy and history of Korea.

The white background symbolizes peace and purity. At the center is the red and blue Taegeuk, representing the balance of complementary forces of yin and yang. The four black trigrams at each corner depict heaven, fire, water, and earth, representing the principles of movement and harmony.

The Taegeukgi was first used during the Joseon Dynasty in the late 19th century and became a symbol of the independence movement during the Japanese occupation of Korea. After the liberation and subsequent division of Korea, the Taegeukgi was adopted by South Korea as its national flag.

Throughout its history, the Taegeukgi has undergone minor changes, but its essential elements have remained the same. The flag is a source of pride and national identity for South Koreans and is prominently displayed during national celebrations and international sporting events.

The flag embodies the nation’s ideals of peace, harmony, and balance. It has witnessed the country’s tumultuous history, from the struggle for independence to the rapid economic development and democratization in the late 20th century. The Taegeukgi remains a powerful symbol of South Korea’s national unity and enduring spirit.