Flag of Switzerland

Switzerland Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesCH, CHE, 756
Official NameSwiss Confederation
Government TypeFederal Directorial Republic with a Multi-party Parliamentary System
CurrencySwiss Franc (CHF)
Calling Code+41
Member OfUnited Nations, European Free Trade Association, Council of Europe, OECD, WTO
PopulationApproximately 8.5 million
Total Area41,290 km²
Highest PointDufourspitze (4,634 meters, 15,203 feet)
Lowest PointLake Maggiore (193 meters, 633 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 82,950
Life Expectancy83.7 years
Internet TLD.ch

Switzerland National Anthem

Swiss Psalm (English Translation)

When the morning skies grow red,
And o’er their radiance shed,
Thou, O Lord, appeareth in their light.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Switzerland Flag

The national flag of Switzerland is one of the world’s most recognized flags. It was officially adopted on December 12, 1889. The flag features a unique square shape with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center of a red background.

The white cross symbolizes freedom, honor, and fidelity, which are the traditional virtues of the Swiss. The red background represents courage and strength. Historically, the cross has been associated with the Christian tradition of the country, dating back to the medieval period. The flag’s design is based on the coat of arms of Schwyz, one of the three original cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy.

Throughout history, the flag has undergone various modifications, but its basic design has remained constant. During the Napoleonic era, a period of great turmoil in Swiss history, the flag’s colors were reversed, featuring a red cross on a white background. After the restoration of the federal state, the original color scheme was reinstated.

The Swiss flag is not only a national symbol but also a symbol of neutrality, democracy, and peace, values that Switzerland is known for internationally. Unlike most national flags, the Swiss flag’s square shape sets it apart, symbolizing the country’s unity and sovereignty. It is prominently displayed on national holidays, at international events, and is an integral part of Swiss national identity. The flag’s simplicity and boldness have made it an iconic symbol recognized worldwide.