Flag of Turkey

Turkey Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesTR, TUR, 792
Official NameRepublic of Turkey
ContinentEurasia (straddles Europe and Asia)
Government TypePresidential Republic
CurrencyTurkish Lira (TRY)
Calling Code+90
Member OfUnited Nations, NATO, G20, Council of Europe
PopulationApproximately 82 million
Total Area783,356 km²
Highest PointMount Ararat (5,137 meters, 16,854 feet)
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 9,127
Life Expectancy75.8 years
Internet TLD.tr

Turkey National Anthem

İstiklal Marşı (The March of Independence)

Fear not! For the crimson banner that proudly ripples in this glorious dawn, shall not fade,
Before the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within my nation is extinguished.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Turkey Flag

The flag of Turkey, known as the “Ayyıldız” (moon star) or “Al Bayrak” (the red flag), was officially adopted on June 5, 1936. However, its origins trace back to the late Ottoman Empire.

The flag features a red background with a white star and crescent. The red color symbolizes the blood shed by Turkish martyrs throughout history, representing courage and martyrdom. The star and crescent are prominent symbols of Islam, reflecting Turkey’s majority Muslim population, but they have been part of Turkic iconography for centuries.

The current design is closely linked to the late Ottoman flag but was formally adopted as the national flag after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The flag’s design has remained consistent since its adoption, symbolizing continuity and national unity.

Throughout history, the Turkish flag has been a source of pride and national identity. It played a significant role during the War of Independence and continues to be a powerful symbol of sovereignty and independence. The flag is prominently displayed on public buildings, at national events, and during international engagements, representing the strength and resilience of the Turkish nation.