Flag of Ukraine

Ukraine Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesUA, UKR, 804
Official NameUkraine
Government TypeUnitary Semi-Presidential Republic
CurrencyUkrainian Hryvnia (UAH)
Calling Code+380
Member OfUnited Nations, Council of Europe
PopulationApproximately 41 million
Total Area603,550 square kilometers
Highest PointHoverla (2,061 meters, 6,762 feet)
Lowest PointKuyalnik Estuary (−5 meters, −16 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 3,727
Life ExpectancyAround 72 years
Internet TLD.ua

Ukraine National Anthem

Shche ne vmerla Ukraina (Ukraine’s glory has not yet perished)

Ukraine’s glory has not yet perished, nor her freedom,
Upon us, fellow compatriots, fate shall smile once more.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Ukrainian Flag

The Ukrainian flag, adopted on August 24, 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, is a powerful symbol of the nation’s identity and independence. The flag consists of two horizontal bands of equal size, with blue on the top and yellow on the bottom, representing Ukraine’s expansive skies and vast wheat fields.

Historically, the origins of the blue and yellow colors date back to the flag of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia in the 12th century. These colors were chosen to symbolize the natural beauty of Ukraine. The blue and yellow were also prominent in the early 20th century during Ukraine’s brief period of independence after the Russian Revolution and during the Ukrainian People’s Republic.

The Ukrainian flag underwent several changes during the 20th century, especially during the Soviet era when Ukraine was part of the USSR. The current flag was first introduced in 1918 but was banned during Soviet rule. It was re-adopted shortly before Ukraine declared independence in 1991. Since then, the flag has been a unifying symbol during various political and social movements, including the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the Euromaidan protests in 2013-2014.

The colors of the flag have deep cultural significance. The blue represents peace, the sky, and streams of Ukraine, while the yellow symbolizes prosperity and the fertile fields of the country. The flag, thus, embodies the natural beauty of Ukraine and the spirit of its people. Over the years, it has become a symbol of national pride, resilience, and the ongoing struggle for sovereignty and democratic values.