Flag of Vietnam

Vietnam Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesVN, VNM
Official NameSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Government TypeSocialist Republic
CurrencyVietnamese Dong (VND)
Calling Code+84
Member OfUnited Nations, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), World Trade Organization (WTO)
PopulationApproximately 97 million
Total Area331,212 square kilometers
Highest PointFansipan (3,147 meters, 10,326 feet)
Lowest PointSouth China Sea (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per Capita$2,740
Life Expectancy75.3 years
Internet TLD.vn

Vietnam National Anthem

Doan Quan Viet-Nam Di – March to the Front

Soldiers of Vietnam, we go forward, 
With the one will to save our Fatherland 
Our hurried steps are sounding on the long and arduous road 
Our flag, red with the blood of victory, bears the spirit of our country 
The distant rumbling of the guns mingles with our marching song. 
The path to glory passes over the bodies of our foes. 
Overcoming all hardships, together we build our resistance bases. 
Ceaselessly for the people’s cause we struggle, 
Hastening to the battle field! 
Forward! All together advancing! 
Our Vietnam is strong eternal. 

Soldiers of Vietnam, we go forward, 
The gold star of our flag in the wind 
Leading our people, our native land, out of misery and suffering 
Let us join our efforts in the fight for the building of a new life. 
Let us stand up and break our chains. 
For too long have we swallowed our hatred 
Let us keep ready for all sacrifices and our life will be radiant. 
Ceaselessly for the people’s cause we struggle, 
Hastening to the battlefield! 
Forward! All together advancing! 
Our Vietnam is strong eternal. 

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Vietnamese Flag

The flag of Vietnam, known as the “red flag with a gold star” (cờ đỏ sao vàng), was officially adopted on November 30, 1955, by North Vietnam and later by the unified Vietnam in 1976. The flag features a large golden star centered on a red background. The red symbolizes the goals of social revolution behind the Vietnamese national struggle, and the star represents the five main classes in Vietnamese society—workers, peasants, soldiers, intellectuals, and businessmen.

The flag’s origins trace back to the resistance against French colonization, and it was influenced by the Communist Party. The red background was inspired by the flag of the Communist Party, symbolizing the revolution and the bloodshed of the struggle for independence. The gold star was designed to represent unity in the country’s struggle against colonialism.

The flag has gone through several iterations since the early 20th century, reflecting the turbulent history of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, the flag became a symbol of North Vietnam. After the fall of Saigon in 1975 and the reunification of Vietnam in 1976, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Today, it remains a powerful symbol of national pride and the resilience of the Vietnamese people through periods of tumultuous history.