Finnish-speaking countries around the world

Finnish-speaking countries around the world

Are you curious about the Finnish language and where it is spoken? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the various countries around the world where Finnish is spoken. From Finland, the home country of the language, to unexpected corners of the globe, you will discover fascinating insights into the global reach of Finnish. Whether you are interested in learning the language or simply want to expand your knowledge of different cultures, this article is sure to provide you with valuable information about Finnish-speaking countries worldwide.

Finnish-speaking countries in Europe


Finland is the primary country where Finnish is spoken. It is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. With a population of approximately 5.5 million people, it is the most densely populated Finnish-speaking country in the world. Finnish is the official language of Finland, and it is spoken by the majority of the population. The Finnish language has deep cultural and historical significance to the country, and it plays a crucial role in shaping Finnish identity.


Sweden is another country in Europe where Finnish is spoken. Located in Northern Europe, it shares a border with Finland. In Sweden, there is a significant Finnish-speaking minority, primarily concentrated in the northern parts of the country. The Finnish-speaking population in Sweden has historical ties to Finland, and their language is protected by the Swedish government. Finnish is recognized as one of the five official minority languages in Sweden, along with Sami, Romani, Meänkieli, and Yiddish.


Norway, also located in Northern Europe, is another country where Finnish is spoken. The Finnish-speaking population in Norway is relatively small compared to Finland and Sweden. Most Finnish speakers in Norway are either immigrants or descendants of Finnish immigrants who settled there. The Finnish language has not been officially recognized as a minority language in Norway, but efforts are being made to preserve and promote the language within the Finnish community.

These three countries in Europe, Finland, Sweden, and Norway, are the main regions where Finnish is spoken. While Finnish is primarily associated with Finland, it is important to acknowledge its presence and significance in neighboring countries as well. The Finnish language serves as a cultural link and a means of communication for Finnish-speaking communities across Europe.

Finnish-speaking countries in North America

United States

The United States is home to a significant Finnish-speaking community, with a rich cultural heritage that has been preserved through generations. Finnish immigrants first arrived in the United States in the late 19th century, seeking better economic opportunities and escaping political unrest in Finland.

Today, Finnish-speaking communities can be found in various parts of the country, particularly in the states of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. These regions have a strong Finnish influence, with cultural events, festivals, and organizations dedicated to preserving Finnish traditions and language.

Finnish language schools and classes are available in some cities, providing opportunities for both Finnish-speaking individuals and those interested in learning the language to connect and communicate. These educational institutions play a crucial role in maintaining and promoting Finnish language and culture within the United States.


Canada also boasts a vibrant Finnish-speaking community, primarily concentrated in the province of Ontario. Finnish immigration to Canada began in the late 19th century, with settlers drawn to the country’s vast natural resources and potential for economic prosperity.

In Ontario, cities like Thunder Bay, Sudbury, and Sault Ste. Marie have significant Finnish-speaking populations. These communities have established Finnish cultural centers, museums, and organizations that actively work towards preserving Finnish language, traditions, and heritage.

Finnish language courses are available in some educational institutions, allowing individuals to learn and maintain their Finnish language skills. Additionally, Finnish festivals and events, such as the Canadian Finnish Grand Festival, provide opportunities for Finnish-speaking Canadians to come together and celebrate their shared cultural background.

Overall, both the United States and Canada have thriving Finnish-speaking communities that contribute to the cultural diversity of North America while keeping the Finnish language alive. These communities serve as a testament to the enduring connections between Finland and its diaspora across the Atlantic.

Finnish-speaking countries in South America


Brazil is a vibrant and diverse country located in South America. While Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, there is also a small but significant Finnish-speaking community in the country. The Finnish language is primarily spoken by descendants of Finnish immigrants who settled in Brazil during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The Finnish community in Brazil has managed to preserve its language and cultural traditions over the years. Finnish schools, cultural organizations, and community centers play a crucial role in maintaining the Finnish language and heritage. These institutions provide Finnish language classes, cultural events, and opportunities for Finnish-Brazilian individuals to connect with their roots.

In addition to language preservation efforts, Finnish-Brazilians actively participate in various cultural exchanges between Finland and Brazil. This includes music festivals, art exhibitions, and exchange programs that foster a deeper understanding and appreciation of both Finnish and Brazilian cultures.


Argentina, another South American country, is home to a small but notable Finnish-speaking population. The Finnish language has been preserved within the Finnish-Argentinian community, which has its roots in Finnish immigration during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The Finnish language holds a special place within the Finnish-Argentinian community, and efforts are made to pass it on to future generations. Finnish schools, cultural associations, and events contribute to the preservation and celebration of the Finnish language and culture in Argentina.

The Finnish-Argentinian community actively engages in cultural activities, such as folk dancing, music performances, and traditional celebrations, which serve as a way to connect with their Finnish heritage. These events often attract both Finnish-Argentinians and people from other communities who are interested in learning about Finnish culture.

Despite being geographically distant from Finland, both Brazil and Argentina have nurtured Finnish-speaking communities that have successfully maintained their language and culture throughout the years. These communities serve as a testament to the enduring ties between Finland and South America.

Finnish-speaking countries in Asia


Russia is home to a significant Finnish-speaking population, particularly in the region of Karelia. Located in the northwestern part of Russia, Karelia shares its border with Finland. The Finnish language has historical roots in this region, and even today, there are communities where Finnish is spoken and appreciated. The Finnish-speaking population in Russia often maintains close ties with Finland, contributing to cultural exchanges and fostering a sense of shared heritage between the two countries.


While not widely known, there is a small Finnish-speaking community in China. Primarily located in the northeastern province of Heilongjiang, near the border with Russia, this community has preserved the Finnish language and culture over the years. Many Finnish immigrants arrived in this region in the early 20th century, seeking opportunities and establishing settlements. Today, their descendants continue to speak Finnish and uphold their Finnish roots, making an interesting linguistic and cultural blend in the heart of China.

These Finnish-speaking communities in Russia and China serve as a testament to the enduring global presence of the Finnish language. Despite being spoken primarily in Finland, the language has managed to transcend borders and find its place in different corners of the world, enriching the cultural tapestry of these countries.

Finnish-speaking countries in Oceania


Australia, a vast continent-country located in the southern hemisphere, is home to a significant Finnish-speaking population. While English is the predominant language spoken in Australia, there is a notable Finnish-speaking community spread across various cities and regions.

Finnish immigrants have been settling in Australia for several generations, contributing to the multicultural fabric of the country. Many Finnish Australians have preserved their language and cultural traditions, creating a strong sense of community and allowing for the Finnish language to thrive.

In major cities like Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth, Finnish-speaking individuals can find various community organizations, social clubs, and cultural events that cater to their needs and interests. These spaces provide opportunities for Finnish Australians to connect, share their experiences, and maintain their linguistic and cultural heritage.

New Zealand

New Zealand, a stunning island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, is another country where Finnish is spoken by a significant number of people. Although English is the primary language of New Zealand, there are Finnish-speaking communities scattered throughout the country.

Finnish immigrants have chosen New Zealand as their home for many reasons, such as the country’s natural beauty, quality of life, and opportunities for employment and education. As a result, Finnish-speaking individuals have established themselves in cities like Auckland, Wellington, and Christchurch, among others.

In New Zealand, Finnish-speaking residents have formed community organizations, cultural associations, and language schools to ensure the preservation and promotion of the Finnish language and heritage. These institutions play a vital role in bringing the Finnish community together, organizing events, and providing support to Finnish-speaking individuals.


While Finnish may not be the dominant language in Oceania, both Australia and New Zealand have vibrant Finnish-speaking communities. These communities have played an essential role in maintaining the Finnish language, culture, and traditions within Oceania. Whether through community organizations, social clubs, or language schools, Finnish-speaking individuals in Australia and New Zealand have found ways to connect, support one another, and keep their heritage alive.

The article "Finnish-speaking countries around the world" has provided an insightful overview of the countries where Finnish is spoken, highlighting the global reach of this unique language. From Finland itself to neighboring countries like Sweden and Norway, as well as far-flung nations such as the United States and Canada, Finnish has found a place in diverse communities worldwide. Whether due to historical ties, migration patterns, or educational initiatives, the presence of Finnish in these countries serves as a testament to the enduring impact of language and culture. Exploring the Finnish-speaking countries around the world opens up a world of linguistic diversity and cultural richness worth exploring.

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