Icelandic-speaking countries around the world

Icelandic-speaking countries around the world

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Icelandic-speaking countries around the world! Iceland, known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage, is the primary hub for the Icelandic language. However, did you know that Icelandic is also spoken in certain regions outside of Iceland? In this article, we will explore the countries where Icelandic is spoken, delve into the history and influence of the language, and provide valuable insights into the Icelandic-speaking communities worldwide. Whether you are a language enthusiast or planning a trip to one of these countries, this article will provide you with all the essential information you need to know about Icelandic-speaking countries.

Icelandic-speaking countries in Europe


Iceland is a Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is the home of the Icelandic language, which is spoken by the majority of the population. Icelandic is the official language of Iceland and is widely taught in schools. The language has remained relatively unchanged for centuries, making it one of the oldest languages in Europe.

Icelandic is known for its unique grammar and pronunciation. It is a Germanic language, closely related to Old Norse, and shares some similarities with other Nordic languages such as Norwegian and Danish. However, Icelandic has preserved many archaic features that have been lost in the other Scandinavian languages.

The Icelandic language plays a significant role in Icelandic culture and identity. It is used in literature, poetry, music, and daily conversations. The government of Iceland actively promotes and supports the use of the Icelandic language, ensuring its preservation and vitality.

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands, an autonomous territory of Denmark, is another place where Icelandic is spoken. This group of islands, located in the North Atlantic Ocean, has a population of around 50,000 people. The official language of the Faroe Islands is Faroese, which is closely related to Icelandic.

Faroese and Icelandic share common origins and have many similarities in terms of grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Speakers of Icelandic can generally understand and communicate with speakers of Faroese, although there are some differences between the two languages.

In the Faroe Islands, the use of Icelandic is mainly limited to academic and cultural contexts. It is taught in schools and used in formal settings. However, the majority of the population primarily speaks Faroese in their day-to-day lives.

Overall, Iceland and the Faroe Islands are the main Icelandic-speaking countries in Europe. The Icelandic language holds a significant place in the cultural and linguistic landscape of both nations, contributing to their unique identities.

Icelandic-speaking countries in North America

United States

The United States is home to a small but vibrant Icelandic-speaking community. While Icelandic is not widely spoken throughout the country, there are pockets of Icelandic speakers in certain areas. The largest concentration of Icelandic speakers in the United States can be found in the state of Minnesota, particularly in the city of Minneapolis. This can be attributed to the historical immigration of Icelanders to the region during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, Icelandic language classes and cultural organizations exist to preserve and promote the Icelandic language and heritage in the United States.


Canada also has a notable Icelandic-speaking population, primarily concentrated in the province of Manitoba. The Icelandic community in Manitoba has a rich history, with settlers from Iceland arriving in the late 19th century. The town of Gimli, located on the shores of Lake Winnipeg, is particularly renowned for its Icelandic heritage. Icelandic language classes and cultural events are organized in Gimli and other parts of Manitoba to ensure the continuity of the Icelandic language and culture in Canada. Additionally, the University of Manitoba offers Icelandic language courses for those interested in learning or further developing their Icelandic language skills.

Overall, while Icelandic is not widely spoken in North America, both the United States and Canada have communities dedicated to preserving and promoting the Icelandic language, fostering a strong connection to the Icelandic culture and heritage.

Icelandic-speaking countries in South America


Brazil is known for its vibrant culture and diverse population. While Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, there is a small community of Icelandic speakers in the country. This community mainly consists of descendants of Icelandic immigrants who settled in Brazil in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

These Icelandic-Brazilian communities can be found in various regions of Brazil, including São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Santa Catarina. They have managed to preserve their Icelandic language and culture through social gatherings, cultural events, and Icelandic language classes.

Despite being a minority language in Brazil, Icelandic holds a special place in the hearts of those who speak it. It serves as a connection to their Icelandic heritage and allows them to maintain their cultural identity within the Brazilian society.


Argentina, another South American country with a rich cultural heritage, is also home to a small Icelandic-speaking community. Similar to Brazil, this community traces its roots back to Icelandic immigrants who arrived in Argentina during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Most Icelandic speakers in Argentina can be found in the province of Chubut, specifically in the town of Esquel and its surroundings. This region is known as "Colonia 16 de Octubre," which translates to "Colony of the 16th of October." It was established by Icelandic settlers in 1903 and has since become an important cultural hub for the Icelandic-Argentinian community.

The Icelandic language is actively maintained within this community through various means, such as Icelandic language schools, cultural events, and community organizations. The residents of Colonia 16 de Octubre take pride in their Icelandic heritage and work diligently to preserve their language and traditions.

In conclusion, while Icelandic is not widely spoken in South America, both Brazil and Argentina have small but vibrant Icelandic-speaking communities. These communities play a crucial role in preserving the Icelandic language and cultural heritage in these countries, serving as a testament to the enduring impact of Icelandic immigration.

In conclusion, Icelandic is a unique and fascinating language that is spoken not only in Iceland but also in various countries around the world. Despite its small number of speakers, Icelandic has managed to preserve its ancient roots and rich cultural heritage. Whether it is through the Icelandic communities in North America or the descendants of Icelandic settlers in South America, the language continues to thrive and serve as a symbol of national identity. As we explore the Icelandic-speaking countries around the world, it becomes evident that language is not just a means of communication but also a powerful tool for preserving history, culture, and heritage.

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