Is Malta a country?

Is Malta a country?

Malta is a fascinating Mediterranean archipelago known for its rich history and stunning natural beauty. However, many people often wonder if Malta is a country in its own right or just a part of another nation. In this article, we will delve into the question of whether Malta is a country and provide a comprehensive answer backed by factual information and research. Join us as we explore the unique characteristics of Malta and shed light on its political status.

History of Malta

Ancient history

Malta has a rich and fascinating ancient history that dates back thousands of years. The island has been inhabited since around 5200 BC, with evidence of Neolithic settlements found across the archipelago. The early inhabitants of Malta were skilled farmers and builders, as seen in the impressive megalithic temples that still stand today. These temples, such as the famous Ggantija Temples on the island of Gozo, are some of the oldest freestanding structures in the world.

Medieval period

During the medieval period, Malta experienced a series of conquests and changes in rulership. In 870 AD, the Arabs captured Malta and introduced Islamic culture and influence to the island. However, their rule was short-lived, as the Normans took control of Malta in 1091. The Normans left their mark on the island through the construction of magnificent cathedrals and fortresses.

In 1530, the Knights of St. John were granted the island of Malta by Emperor Charles V of Spain. The Knights transformed Malta into a formidable fortress and played a crucial role in defending Europe against Ottoman invasions. The Great Siege of Malta in 1565 is a significant event in Malta’s medieval history, as the Knights successfully repelled the Ottoman forces after a months-long siege.

Modern history

Malta’s modern history is characterized by a succession of foreign dominations and the island’s struggle for independence. In 1800, Malta became a British protectorate and remained under British rule for the next 164 years. During World War II, Malta played a vital role as a strategic naval base and endured intense bombardment by Axis powers. The bravery and resilience of the Maltese people earned the island the George Cross, a prestigious British award for collective gallantry.

Malta finally gained independence from Britain in 1964 and became a sovereign nation within the British Commonwealth. In 1974, Malta became a republic and severed its ties with the British monarchy. Since then, Malta has experienced significant economic growth and development, becoming a member of the European Union in 2004.

Throughout its history, Malta has faced numerous challenges and undergone various transformations. Today, it stands as a proud and independent country with a unique blend of ancient traditions and modern progress.

Geography of Malta


Malta is a small archipelago located in the central Mediterranean Sea. Situated south of Italy, it lies approximately 80 kilometers south of Sicily and about 284 kilometers east of Tunisia. Despite its small size, Malta has a strategic location that has shaped its history and made it a hub for trade and cultural exchange.

Islands of Malta

The country of Malta consists of three main islands: Malta, Gozo, and Comino. Each island has its own unique characteristics and attractions. Malta, being the largest and most populous island, is home to the capital city Valletta and offers a vibrant mix of historical sites, bustling towns, and stunning coastal landscapes. Gozo, on the other hand, provides a more relaxed and rural atmosphere, featuring picturesque villages, scenic cliffs, and a slower pace of life. Comino, the smallest of the three islands, is known for its crystal-clear blue waters and the famous Blue Lagoon, making it a popular destination for snorkeling and diving enthusiasts.


Malta enjoys a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The island experiences long hours of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 300 sunny days. Summers are typically hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit). Winters are generally mild, with temperatures rarely dropping below 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit). The pleasant climate of Malta makes it an appealing destination for tourists seeking sunshine and warmth.

In conclusion, Malta is indeed a country, and its geography plays a significant role in its identity. Situated in the central Mediterranean, the islands of Malta, Gozo, and Comino offer diverse landscapes and a pleasant climate that attract visitors from around the world. Whether it’s exploring historical sites, enjoying picturesque coastal views, or basking in the Mediterranean sun, Malta has much to offer to both locals and tourists alike.

Government and Politics


Malta has a long history of political stability and is governed by a written constitution. The current constitution was adopted in 1964 when Malta gained independence from British rule. The constitution establishes Malta as a democratic republic with a parliamentary system. It outlines the basic structure of the government and guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to its citizens.

The constitution of Malta is known for its strong emphasis on the separation of powers. It divides the government into three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. This division ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful.

Political parties

Malta has a multi-party system, with various political parties playing a significant role in the country’s governance. The two main political parties in Malta are the Labour Party and the Nationalist Party.

The Labour Party, founded in 1921, is a center-left party that advocates for social justice and workers’ rights. It has traditionally been associated with trade unions and has a strong support base among the working class. The Labour Party has been in power for several terms, and its policies have focused on economic growth, social welfare, and environmental sustainability.

The Nationalist Party, established in 1880, is a center-right party that promotes conservative values and free-market principles. It has a history of advocating for Malta’s independence and has been in power during various periods. The Nationalist Party’s policies often prioritize economic liberalization, privatization, and a strong national identity.

Apart from the two major parties, Malta also has smaller political parties that cater to specific ideologies or interests. These parties, such as the Democratic Party and the Green Party, contribute to the overall political landscape and provide alternative choices for voters.

Foreign relations

Malta maintains an active and engaged foreign policy, seeking to establish and maintain diplomatic relations with countries around the world. As a member of the United Nations, Malta participates in international forums and contributes to global issues such as peacekeeping and environmental sustainability.

The country also holds membership in various regional and international organizations, including the European Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. These memberships allow Malta to actively participate in decision-making processes and cooperate with other countries on matters of mutual interest.

Malta’s foreign relations prioritize cooperation, dialogue, and the promotion of shared values. The country values its relationships with neighboring countries in the Mediterranean region and seeks to foster good relations based on mutual respect and cooperation. Additionally, Malta maintains close ties with its former colonial power, the United Kingdom, and collaborates on various political, economic, and defense matters.

In conclusion, Malta’s government and politics are governed by a constitution that ensures democratic principles and the separation of powers. The country’s political landscape is shaped by major political parties, namely the Labour Party and the Nationalist Party, along with smaller parties that contribute to the diversity of choices for voters. Malta’s foreign relations focus on active participation in international organizations and cooperation with other countries based on shared values and mutual interests.

Economy of Malta

Key industries

Malta has a diverse economy with various key industries contributing to its growth and development. These industries play a crucial role in shaping the country’s economic landscape and driving employment opportunities. Some of the key industries in Malta include:

  1. Financial Services: The financial services sector is one of the main pillars of Malta’s economy. The country has established itself as a reputable international financial center, attracting numerous multinational companies and financial institutions. Malta offers a favorable regulatory framework, tax incentives, and a skilled workforce, making it an ideal location for banking, insurance, investment services, and fintech companies.

  2. Tourism: Tourism is a significant contributor to Malta’s economy, accounting for a substantial portion of its GDP. The country’s stunning natural landscapes, rich historical heritage, and vibrant culture attract millions of tourists each year. Malta offers a wide range of tourist attractions, including ancient temples, picturesque beaches, and UNESCO World Heritage sites. The tourism industry provides employment opportunities in various sectors, such as accommodation, hospitality, transportation, and entertainment.

  3. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): The ICT sector has witnessed significant growth in Malta in recent years. The country has invested in establishing a robust digital infrastructure and promoting innovation. Malta has a thriving ICT ecosystem, attracting companies involved in software development, gaming, e-commerce, digital marketing, and telecommunications. The government’s support for digital initiatives and the presence of skilled IT professionals contribute to the sector’s success.


Tourism plays a vital role in Malta’s economy, attracting visitors from around the globe. The country offers a diverse range of attractions and experiences, making it a popular destination for leisure and cultural tourism. Here are some key aspects of tourism in Malta:

  1. Historical and Cultural Sites: Malta is renowned for its rich history and impressive cultural heritage. The archipelago is home to ancient temples, medieval towns, and well-preserved fortifications, showcasing its historical significance. Valletta, the capital city, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers a wealth of historical landmarks and museums.

  2. Beaches and Natural Beauty: Malta boasts stunning coastlines with crystal-clear waters and picturesque beaches. From sandy stretches to hidden coves, the country offers a variety of options for beach lovers and water sports enthusiasts. Comino’s Blue Lagoon and the famous Azure Window are among the top natural attractions that draw tourists.

  3. Events and Festivals: Malta hosts numerous events and festivals throughout the year, adding vibrancy and cultural experiences for visitors. The Malta International Arts Festival, Malta Jazz Festival, and the Carnival are just a few examples of the vibrant celebrations that showcase the country’s cultural diversity and artistic talent.

Trade and exports

Malta has a dynamic and open economy, heavily reliant on international trade. The country’s strategic location in the Mediterranean makes it an important hub for trade between Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Here are some key aspects of Malta’s trade and exports:

  1. Manufacturing and Pharmaceuticals: Malta has a well-developed manufacturing sector, particularly in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and electronics. The country is home to several pharmaceutical companies that export their products globally. The manufacturing industry contributes significantly to Malta’s export earnings and provides employment opportunities for a skilled workforce.

  2. Logistics and Maritime Services: Malta’s strategic location has made it a crucial logistics and maritime hub in the Mediterranean. The country operates modern ports and offers efficient shipping services, attracting international trade and transshipment activities. The logistics sector supports various industries by facilitating the movement of goods and enhancing Malta’s connectivity with global markets.

  3. Export of Services: Besides physical goods, Malta also exports a range of services, including financial services, ICT, gaming, and digital services. The country’s favorable business environment and skilled workforce have positioned it as an attractive destination for service-based companies looking to expand their operations internationally.

In conclusion, Malta’s economy thrives on diverse industries, including financial services, tourism, and trade. The country’s key industries contribute significantly to its GDP, employment, and overall economic growth. With its attractive business environment, cultural heritage, and strategic location, Malta continues to develop as an important player in the global economy.

Culture and Society


Malta is a country that boasts a rich and diverse linguistic landscape. The official languages of Malta are Maltese and English. Maltese, a Semitic language with a mixture of Arabic, Italian, and English influences, is spoken by the majority of the population. This unique language reflects the country’s historical connections to various civilizations and serves as a symbol of Maltese identity. English, on the other hand, is widely spoken and serves as a second language for many Maltese people. This bilingualism contributes to the country’s cosmopolitan atmosphere and facilitates communication with visitors from all over the world.


Religion holds a significant place in Maltese society, and the majority of the population practices Roman Catholicism. The strong influence of Catholicism can be traced back to the early Christian period when St. Paul, the apostle, is said to have spent time in Malta. The devotion to Catholicism is deeply ingrained in the cultural fabric of Malta and is evident in the numerous churches, chapels, and religious festivals that dot the island. However, Malta is also home to a small but diverse population of people belonging to other faiths, including Islam, Protestantism, and Judaism. This religious diversity adds to the country’s cultural richness and fosters an environment of tolerance and acceptance.

Traditions and Customs

Malta is renowned for its vibrant and colorful traditions and customs, which are deeply rooted in the country’s history and folklore. One such tradition is the festa, a religious feast celebrated in honor of a patron saint in various towns and villages throughout Malta. These festas are characterized by processions, fireworks displays, band marches, and elaborate decorations, creating a festive atmosphere that brings communities together. Another cherished custom is the art of lace-making, known as "bizzilla," which has been passed down through generations. This intricate craftsmanship is an essential part of Maltese heritage and is often showcased in exhibitions and cultural events.

Moreover, the Maltese have a strong sense of hospitality and family values. Gathering for Sunday lunches and family celebrations is a cherished tradition, where delicious Maltese cuisine takes center stage. Traditional dishes such as rabbit stew, pastizzi (flaky pastries filled with ricotta or mushy peas), and ftira (Maltese bread topped with various ingredients) are enjoyed by locals and visitors alike. This emphasis on togetherness and culinary delights reflects the warm and welcoming nature of the Maltese people.

In conclusion, Malta’s culture and society are multifaceted, shaped by its unique language, strong religious roots, and colorful traditions. From the linguistic blend of Maltese and English to the devotion to Catholicism and the vibrant customs, Malta offers a rich cultural experience for both residents and visitors.


In conclusion, after considering the historical, political, and geographical aspects of Malta, it is evident that Malta is indeed a country. Despite its small size, it has a rich and unique cultural heritage, an independent government, and is recognized as a sovereign state by the United Nations and numerous other international organizations. Its distinct identity and the rights and responsibilities it holds as a nation make it clear that Malta deserves to be acknowledged as a country in its own right.

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