Norwegian cuisine: What do they eat in Norway?

Norwegian cuisine is a fascinating blend of traditional flavors and modern influences, offering a unique gastronomic experience. From hearty dishes like lutefisk and rakfisk to delicate seafood delicacies like smoked salmon and pickled herring, Norway’s food culture is deeply rooted in its coastal landscape and rich fishing traditions. In this article, we will delve into the diverse range of ingredients and dishes that make up Norwegian cuisine, exploring the country’s culinary heritage and the cultural significance of its traditional foods. Whether you’re a food enthusiast or planning a trip to Norway, this guide will provide you with insights into what the Norwegians eat and why it has become an integral part of their national identity.

Traditional Norwegian dishes


Lutefisk is a traditional Norwegian dish that is particularly popular during the Christmas season. It is made from dried whitefish, typically cod, that has been soaked in water and lye for several days. This unique preservation process gives lutefisk its distinct gelatinous texture. The fish is then rinsed and cooked, usually by boiling or baking, and served with boiled potatoes, peas, bacon, and mustard sauce. Lutefisk is known for its strong aroma and is an acquired taste for many, but it holds a special place in Norwegian culinary traditions.


Rakfisk is another traditional Norwegian dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. It is a fermented fish delicacy made from freshwater fish, commonly trout or char. The fish is gutted, salted, and left to ferment for several weeks or months. During this fermentation process, the fish develops a strong, pungent flavor. Rakfisk is typically served as an open-faced sandwich on flatbread, accompanied by various toppings such as sour cream, red onions, and dill. It is often enjoyed during festive occasions and is highly regarded among Norwegian food enthusiasts.


Krumkake is a beloved Norwegian dessert that is often served during special occasions or holidays like Christmas. It is a thin, delicate, and crisp waffle-like cookie that is cooked on a special iron. The batter for krumkake is made from flour, sugar, eggs, butter, and cream. Once cooked, the cookies are rolled into a cone or cylinder shape while still warm, giving them their distinctive appearance. Krumkake can be enjoyed plain or filled with sweet fillings such as whipped cream, berries, or jams. It is a delightful treat that showcases the Norwegian passion for baking and confectionery.

Seafood in Norwegian cuisine


Salmon is a staple in Norwegian cuisine and holds a significant place in the country’s culinary traditions. Norway’s pristine waters and abundant salmon population make it an ideal location for salmon fishing. The Norwegian method of preserving salmon, known as "gravlaks," involves curing the fish with a mixture of salt, sugar, and dill. This traditional preparation method brings out the rich flavors of the salmon and gives it a unique taste. Gravlaks is often served as a cold appetizer, thinly sliced and accompanied by a mustard-dill sauce.


Another popular seafood in Norwegian cuisine is cod. Cod fishing has been a vital industry in Norway for centuries, and it still plays a crucial role in the country’s economy. The cod is known for its delicate white flesh and mild flavor. Norwegians prepare cod in various ways, including baking, frying, and poaching. One traditional Norwegian dish that showcases the versatility of cod is "bacalao." This hearty stew combines cod with tomatoes, onions, potatoes, and various spices, creating a delicious and satisfying meal.


Shrimp, also known as "reker" in Norwegian, is highly valued in Norwegian cuisine. Norway’s cold and clean waters provide the perfect environment for shrimp to thrive, resulting in exceptional quality seafood. Norwegians enjoy shrimp in many forms, from simple shrimp cocktails to more elaborate dishes like shrimp salad or shrimp pasta. A popular way of consuming shrimp in Norway is to peel and eat them fresh, often accompanied by a tangy cocktail sauce. The sweet and succulent taste of Norwegian shrimp makes it a favorite seafood choice for locals and visitors alike.

Famous Norwegian desserts


Kransekake is a traditional Norwegian dessert that is typically served during special occasions such as weddings, Christmas, and other important celebrations. This iconic cake is made from ground almonds, sugar, and egg whites, which are mixed together to form a dough. The dough is then shaped into rings of different sizes and baked until golden brown. Kransekake is known for its distinctive tower-like appearance, as the rings are stacked on top of each other to create a beautiful and impressive cake. It is often decorated with Norwegian flags or other festive ornaments. The cake has a sweet and nutty flavor, and its dense and chewy texture makes it a delight to bite into.


Multekrem is a popular Norwegian dessert that is made from cloudberries, a native fruit of Norway. This creamy and indulgent dessert is incredibly simple yet delicious. To make multekrem, cloudberries are gently cooked with sugar until they break down and release their juices. The mixture is then strained to remove any seeds or solids, resulting in a smooth and velvety puree. This puree is then mixed with whipped cream to create a luscious and light dessert. Multekrem is often served chilled and garnished with a few whole cloudberries on top. It has a unique tangy and slightly tart flavor that perfectly balances the sweetness of the cream.


Rømmegrøt is a traditional Norwegian porridge that has been enjoyed for centuries. It is a rich and hearty dessert that is typically served during festive occasions or as a comforting treat on cold winter days. Rømmegrøt is made from a combination of sour cream, flour, and milk. The mixture is slowly cooked and stirred until it thickens to a creamy consistency. The porridge is then flavored with a pinch of salt and served hot with a generous dollop of butter and a sprinkle of cinnamon and sugar on top. Rømmegrøt has a velvety smooth texture and a rich, buttery taste that is both satisfying and comforting. It is often enjoyed with a side of cured meats or Norwegian flatbread for a complete meal.

These famous Norwegian desserts are a testament to the rich culinary heritage of Norway. Whether you have a sweet tooth or simply want to explore the flavors of this Nordic country, these desserts are sure to delight your taste buds and leave you craving for more.


In conclusion, Norwegian cuisine offers a unique and diverse range of dishes that reflect the country’s history, culture, and natural resources. From traditional staples like fish, potatoes, and bread to modern interpretations of international cuisines, Norway has something to satisfy every palate. Whether it’s the delicious seafood, hearty stews, or mouthwatering desserts, Norwegian cuisine is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone fortunate enough to experience it. So, the next time you find yourself in Norway, don’t miss the opportunity to indulge in the flavors of this fascinating and delicious culinary tradition.

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