Norwegian food: What kind of dishes are popular in Norway?

Norwegian food holds a unique place in the culinary world, offering a delightful blend of traditional and modern dishes that have captivated taste buds across the globe. From the iconic smoked salmon to the comforting warmth of lutefisk, Norway has a rich tapestry of popular dishes that showcase its cultural heritage and natural resources. In this article, we delve into the intriguing world of Norwegian cuisine, exploring the most beloved and sought-after dishes that define the country’s gastronomic landscape. Join us on this culinary journey as we uncover the flavors and traditions that make Norwegian food a true delight for food enthusiasts and curious travelers alike.

Traditional Norwegian Dishes


Lutefisk is a traditional Norwegian dish that holds a special place in Norwegian cuisine. This unique dish is made from dried whitefish, typically cod, which is soaked in water and lye for several days. The fish is then rinsed and boiled until it becomes gelatinous in texture. Lutefisk is often served with boiled potatoes, peas, and a variety of sauces such as mustard or white sauce. Despite its strong aroma and peculiar texture, lutefisk is a beloved dish during festive occasions, particularly around Christmas time.


Rakfisk is another traditional Norwegian dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. It is a type of fermented fish, commonly made using trout or char. The fish is gutted and cleaned, then salted and left to ferment for several weeks. The fermentation process gives rakfisk its distinct sour taste and pungent odor. This delicacy is often served on flatbread or crispbread, accompanied by sour cream, onions, and potatoes. Rakfisk is particularly popular during the winter months, and many Norwegians gather for rakfisk feasts to celebrate the harvest season.


Fårikål holds the title of Norway’s national dish and is a true representation of traditional Norwegian cuisine. This hearty dish consists of lamb meat, cabbage, whole black peppercorns, and a touch of salt. The ingredients are layered in a pot and simmered slowly for several hours, allowing the flavors to meld together. Fårikål is typically served with boiled potatoes and lingonberry jam, adding a sweet and tangy element to the meal. It is a comforting and satisfying dish, often enjoyed during autumn when the lamb is at its best.

In conclusion, traditional Norwegian dishes like Lutefisk, Rakfisk, and Fårikål showcase the rich culinary heritage of Norway. These unique and flavorful dishes continue to be cherished by Norwegians and are a testament to the country’s love for hearty, wholesome meals.

Seafood Specialties


Gravlaks is a beloved Norwegian delicacy that has gained popularity not only in Norway but also internationally. This traditional dish consists of thinly sliced, cured salmon that is typically served as an appetizer or on open-faced sandwiches. The salmon is cured with a mixture of salt, sugar, and dill, which gives it a unique and delicious flavor. Gravlaks is often enjoyed with a mustard-dill sauce, along with some fresh bread or crispbread. The combination of the delicate, melt-in-your-mouth salmon and the tangy sauce makes gravlaks a true treat for seafood enthusiasts.


Sjømatpai, also known as seafood pie, is a classic Norwegian dish that showcases the country’s abundance of fresh seafood. This savory pie is made with a buttery crust and filled with a variety of seafood such as shrimp, mussels, and fish. The filling is typically bound together with a creamy sauce flavored with herbs and spices. Sjømatpai is a comforting and hearty dish that is often served as a main course, especially during festive occasions or family gatherings. The combination of the flaky crust and the rich, flavorful seafood filling makes sjømatpai a true delight for seafood lovers.


Fiskeboller, or fish balls, are a popular Norwegian dish that is enjoyed both as a standalone meal and as an ingredient in other traditional recipes. These soft and tender fish balls are typically made from a mixture of white fish, such as cod or haddock, along with flour, milk, and seasoning. They are often poached in a flavorful broth until they become light and fluffy. Fiskeboller are commonly served with a creamy white sauce and boiled potatoes, creating a wholesome and satisfying meal. The mild and delicate flavor of the fish balls, combined with the creamy sauce, makes fiskeboller a favorite among locals and visitors alike.

Bread and Dairy Products


Flatbrød is a traditional Norwegian bread that has been a staple in the Norwegian diet for centuries. This thin and crispy bread is made from unleavened dough, typically composed of a mixture of different flours such as barley, rye, or wheat. Flatbrød is baked in large quantities and stored for a long time, making it a convenient and durable food option, especially during the harsh Norwegian winters.

Norwegians enjoy flatbrød in various ways. It can be eaten plain or paired with a variety of toppings like butter, cheese, or cured meats. Some people even use it as a wrap for sandwiches or as a base for open-faced sandwiches known as "smørbrød." Due to its versatility and long shelf life, flatbrød remains a popular choice among Norwegians, both at home and when exploring the great outdoors.


Krumkake is a delightful Norwegian pastry that is often enjoyed during festive occasions and special events. This delicate, cone-shaped cookie is made using a special iron griddle, which gives it a unique patterned texture. The batter for krumkake consists of flour, sugar, eggs, butter, and sometimes a hint of vanilla or cardamom for added flavor.

Traditionally, krumkake is served with a sweet filling, such as whipped cream or jam. However, modern variations often include chocolate, caramel, or even savory fillings like cheese or smoked salmon. Norwegians take pride in their krumkake-making skills and often pass down family recipes from generation to generation, making it a cherished treat that brings people together.


Brunost, also known as "brown cheese" or "whey cheese," is a distinctively Norwegian dairy product that has a caramel-like taste and a fudge-like texture. It is made by boiling whey, a byproduct of cheese production, until it caramelizes, giving brunost its characteristic brown color and sweet, slightly tangy flavor.

Norwegians love to spread brunost on their bread or crispbread, enjoying its unique taste as a breakfast or snack. It is also commonly used in Norwegian cooking, adding a rich and sweet element to dishes like sauces, soups, and desserts. With its distinctive flavor and cultural significance, brunost has become an iconic Norwegian food item that is cherished both domestically and internationally.

In conclusion, bread and dairy products play a significant role in Norwegian cuisine. Whether it’s the versatile flatbrød, the delicate krumkake, or the unique brunost, these traditional foods reflect the rich culinary heritage of Norway and continue to be beloved by locals and visitors alike.

Sweet Treats and Desserts


Krumkake is a popular Norwegian dessert that is loved by locals and tourists alike. This delicate and crispy waffle-like cookie is traditionally made on a special iron griddle called a krumkake iron. The batter is made with flour, sugar, butter, eggs, and cream, resulting in a light and flavorful treat.

The name "krumkake" translates to "bent or curved cake" in English, referring to the shape of the cookie. Once cooked, the krumkake is rolled into a cone shape while still warm and pliable. It can be filled with various sweet fillings such as whipped cream, jams, or even Nutella, adding an extra layer of deliciousness.

Krumkake is often enjoyed during festive occasions and holidays, like Christmas and weddings. It is a beloved dessert that symbolizes tradition and brings joy to Norwegian households.


Lefse is a traditional Norwegian flatbread that is commonly enjoyed as a sweet treat or dessert. This soft and thin potato-based bread has a slightly sweet flavor and a supple texture. It is made by mixing mashed potatoes, flour, butter, and cream, resulting in a dough that is rolled out and cooked on a griddle.

Lefse can be eaten plain, but it is often enjoyed with a variety of sweet toppings. Some popular options include butter and sugar, cinnamon and sugar, or spreads like strawberry jam. This versatile bread can also be used as a wrap for other fillings, making it a popular choice for creating delicious Norwegian dessert wraps.

During holidays and special occasions, families often gather to make lefse together, creating a sense of togetherness and tradition. The process of making lefse is seen as a cherished activity that is passed down through generations.


Multekrem is a delectable Norwegian dessert that showcases the rich and vibrant flavors of cloudberries, also known as "multe" in Norwegian. This creamy dessert is made by combining cloudberries with whipped cream and sugar, resulting in a luscious and indulgent treat.

Cloudberries are wild berries that grow in the marshes and mountains of Norway during the summer months. They have a unique tart and sweet flavor, reminiscent of a mix between raspberries and blackberries. The combination of the tartness from the berries and the sweetness from the cream creates a perfect balance of flavors in multekrem.

Multekrem is often enjoyed on its own or served with other desserts like krumkake or lefse. It is a popular choice for special occasions and celebrations, as it represents the natural beauty and flavors of Norway.

In conclusion, Norwegian sweet treats and desserts offer a delightful range of flavors and textures. Whether it’s the crispy and cone-shaped krumkake, the soft and sweet lefse, or the creamy and berry-infused multekrem, these desserts are sure to satisfy any sweet tooth and provide a taste of Norwegian culinary traditions.

Modern Norwegian Cuisine


Smørbrød is a traditional Norwegian open-faced sandwich that has become a staple in modern Norwegian cuisine. It consists of a slice of bread topped with a variety of ingredients such as meat, fish, cheese, and vegetables. The toppings can be as simple as butter and cheese or as elaborate as smoked salmon, pickled herring, or roast beef with horseradish sauce. Smørbrød offers a burst of flavors and textures, making it a popular choice for lunch or as a light meal.

Fårikål Pizza

Fårikål Pizza is a unique fusion dish that combines the traditional Norwegian dish, Fårikål, with the beloved Italian pizza. Fårikål, which translates to "lamb in cabbage," is a hearty stew made with lamb meat, cabbage, and whole black peppercorns. In this modern twist, the flavors of Fårikål are infused into a delicious pizza. The pizza dough is topped with tender lamb meat, caramelized cabbage, and a sprinkle of black peppercorns, resulting in a mouthwatering combination of Norwegian and Italian cuisines.


Bacalao is a dish that reflects Norway’s historical ties to the sea. It is a hearty fish stew made with salted cod, tomatoes, onions, garlic, and various spices. The salted cod is soaked to remove the excess salt before being added to the stew, resulting in a tender and flavorful fish. Bacalao is often served with crusty bread or potatoes, making it a satisfying and comforting meal. This dish has gained popularity in modern Norwegian cuisine due to its rich flavors and the use of locally sourced ingredients.

In conclusion, modern Norwegian cuisine showcases a blend of traditional and contemporary flavors. Smørbrød, Fårikål Pizza, and Bacalao are just a few examples of the diverse and delicious dishes that have become popular in Norway. Whether you’re a fan of open-faced sandwiches, fusion cuisine, or hearty stews, Norwegian cuisine has something to offer for everyone.

In conclusion, Norwegian cuisine offers a wide range of delicious and unique dishes that reflect the country’s rich cultural heritage and natural resources. From traditional favorites like lutefisk and rakfisk to modern interpretations of seafood and game, Norway’s food scene is a delightful blend of tradition and innovation. Whether you are a fan of hearty comfort food or adventurous gastronomy, Norway has something to satisfy every palate. So, if you ever have the chance to visit this beautiful country, don’t miss the opportunity to indulge in the flavors of Norwegian cuisine.

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