Russian cuisine: What do they eat in Russia?

Russian cuisine is a fascinating blend of flavors and traditions that reflects the country’s diverse cultural heritage. In this article, we explore the question "What do they eat in Russia?" and delve into the rich culinary traditions that have shaped Russian cuisine over the centuries. From hearty soups like borscht to savory dishes like pelmeni and blini, Russian cuisine offers a wide array of delectable options that will tantalize your taste buds. Join us on this culinary journey as we uncover the unique ingredients, cooking techniques, and cultural significance behind some of Russia’s most beloved dishes.

Traditional Russian Dishes


Borscht is a popular traditional Russian soup that is known for its vibrant red color and rich flavors. It is made with beetroots as the main ingredient, which gives it its distinctive hue. Along with beets, borscht typically includes other vegetables like cabbage, carrots, onions, and potatoes. This hearty soup is often served with a dollop of sour cream and a sprinkle of fresh herbs. Borscht is not only delicious but also a great representation of Russian culinary heritage.


Pelmeni are traditional Russian dumplings that are loved by both locals and visitors alike. These bite-sized dumplings are typically filled with a mixture of minced meat, such as beef, pork, or a combination of both. The dough is rolled thin and then cut into small circles, which are then filled with the meat mixture. Pelmeni are usually boiled and served with a side of sour cream or melted butter. They are a comfort food staple in Russia and are often enjoyed during gatherings and holidays.


Blini, also known as Russian pancakes, are a beloved dish in Russian cuisine. These thin and delicate pancakes are made from a batter consisting of flour, eggs, milk, and a pinch of salt. Blini can be enjoyed in both sweet and savory variations. Sweet blini are commonly served with toppings like sour cream, jam, honey, or condensed milk, while savory blini are often filled with ingredients such as cheese, mushrooms, or smoked salmon. Blini are a versatile dish and can be enjoyed for breakfast, lunch, or even dessert.

These traditional Russian dishes are not only delicious but also offer a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage and culinary traditions of Russia. Whether it’s the hearty borscht, the savory pelmeni, or the versatile blini, each dish showcases the unique flavors and ingredients that make Russian cuisine so special.

Regional Cuisine

Siberian Cuisine

Siberian cuisine is a unique and diverse culinary tradition that reflects the harsh climate and rich natural resources of the region. Known for its hearty and warming dishes, Siberian cuisine incorporates a wide range of ingredients, including game meat, fish, berries, and mushrooms.

One of the most iconic dishes of Siberian cuisine is "pelmeni." These are small dumplings filled with a mixture of ground meat, typically a combination of beef and pork. Pelmeni are usually served with sour cream and are a favorite comfort food among Siberians.

Another popular dish in Siberia is "stroganina." It is a traditional delicacy made from thinly sliced frozen fish, often caught from the region’s abundant rivers and lakes. Stroganina is typically served raw and is enjoyed with a sprinkle of salt and a squeeze of lemon juice.

Caucasian Cuisine

Caucasian cuisine is renowned for its bold flavors, vibrant colors, and a wide variety of ingredients. Located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, the Caucasian region boasts a rich culinary heritage influenced by various cultures, including Russian, Georgian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani.

One of the most famous dishes of Caucasian cuisine is "shashlik." This traditional kebab consists of skewered and marinated chunks of meat, usually lamb or beef, grilled over an open flame. The meat is often accompanied by aromatic herbs and served with freshly baked bread and pomegranate sauce.

Another popular Caucasian dish is "khachapuri." This cheese-filled bread is a staple in Georgian cuisine and comes in various shapes and flavors. The most famous type is "Adjarian khachapuri," which is boat-shaped and filled with melted cheese, butter, and a runny egg on top.

Northern Cuisine

Northern cuisine in Russia is heavily influenced by the region’s extreme climate and proximity to the Arctic Ocean. It focuses on utilizing ingredients that can withstand the harsh conditions, such as fish, reindeer meat, and root vegetables.

A well-known dish from Northern Russia is "ukha." This traditional fish soup is made with freshwater fish, such as salmon or trout, and flavored with aromatic herbs and vegetables. Ukha is known for its rich taste and is often enjoyed as a hearty and warming meal during cold winters.

Another popular Northern dish is "sautéed reindeer meat." Reindeer meat is lean and tender, making it a favored protein source in the region. It is typically cooked with onions and mushrooms, resulting in a flavorful and savory dish that pairs well with potatoes or buckwheat.

In conclusion, Russian regional cuisine offers a diverse range of flavors and dishes. From the hearty and warming Siberian cuisine to the bold and vibrant flavors of Caucasian cuisine, and the unique ingredients utilized in Northern cuisine, Russian culinary traditions showcase the country’s rich cultural heritage and natural resources.

Russian Staple Foods


Potatoes are a fundamental part of Russian cuisine and have been a staple food for centuries. This versatile vegetable is used in various traditional Russian dishes and is loved by people of all ages. From mashed potatoes to fried potatoes, there is no shortage of delicious potato recipes in Russia.

One of the most popular potato dishes in Russia is "Kartoshka," which is a simple yet satisfying recipe. It involves boiling potatoes until they are soft, mashing them with butter and milk, and seasoning them with salt and pepper. This creamy and flavorful side dish perfectly complements many Russian main courses.

Another beloved potato dish in Russia is "Dranniki," also known as potato pancakes. These crispy pancakes are made from grated potatoes mixed with eggs, flour, and spices. They are then fried until golden brown and served with sour cream or applesauce. Dranniki are not only delicious but also a great way to use leftover potatoes.


Bread holds a special place in Russian culture and is considered a symbol of hospitality. It is an essential part of every meal in Russia and is often referred to as "the staff of life." Traditional Russian bread is known for its dense texture and rich flavor.

One of the most famous types of Russian bread is "Borodinsky bread." This dark rye bread is made with a combination of rye and wheat flour, molasses, and coriander seeds. It has a slightly sweet taste and a distinctive aroma, making it a favorite among Russians.

Another popular bread in Russia is "Kalach." This circular loaf of bread is often braided and decorated with various toppings like seeds or herbs. It is traditionally served during special occasions and celebrations. Kalach is not only visually appealing but also has a soft and fluffy texture that pairs well with a wide range of Russian dishes.


Cabbage is a versatile vegetable that plays a significant role in Russian cuisine. It is used in various forms, including raw, pickled, and cooked. Cabbage is not only delicious but also packed with nutrients, making it a healthy addition to any meal.

One of the most iconic Russian cabbage dishes is "Borscht." This hearty soup is made with shredded cabbage, beets, potatoes, carrots, and other vegetables, cooked in a flavorful broth. Borscht is often served with a dollop of sour cream and a slice of dark bread, creating a satisfying and nutritious meal.

In addition to soups, cabbage is widely used in Russian salads, such as "Shuba" or "herring under a fur coat." This salad consists of layers of pickled herring, boiled potatoes, beets, carrots, and mayonnaise, all topped with finely shredded cabbage. The combination of flavors and textures in this salad is truly delightful.

In conclusion, potatoes, bread, and cabbage are integral components of Russian cuisine. Whether it’s the comforting taste of mashed potatoes, the aroma of freshly baked bread, or the vibrant colors of a cabbage-based dish, these staple foods reflect the rich culinary heritage of Russia.

Russian cuisine is diverse and rich in flavors, offering a wide range of dishes that reflect the country’s history and cultural influences. From traditional dishes like borscht and pelmeni to hearty soups and stews, Russian cuisine is known for its use of fresh and seasonal ingredients. The article has provided a glimpse into the fascinating world of Russian cuisine, showcasing the variety of foods that are enjoyed in Russia. Whether it is the famous blini or the flavorful zakuski, Russian cuisine has something to offer for everyone. So, if you ever have the chance, don’t miss the opportunity to explore the delicious and unique flavors of Russian cuisine.

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