What are the top 3 languages spoken in Burundi?

What are the top 3 languages spoken in Burundi?

Burundi is a culturally diverse country in East Africa, and its linguistic landscape reflects this diversity. With over 10 million inhabitants, Burundi is home to a variety of languages. However, three languages stand out as the most widely spoken in the country. In this article, we will explore the top three languages spoken in Burundi, providing insights into their importance, usage, and cultural significance. Whether you are planning a trip to Burundi or simply interested in learning about different languages, this article will shed light on the linguistic richness of this fascinating country.

Overview of Burundi

Burundi is a landlocked country located in East Africa. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. With a total area of approximately 27,834 square kilometers, Burundi is relatively small in size compared to its neighboring countries.

Geographical location of Burundi

Burundi is situated in the Great Lakes region of Africa. It lies just south of the equator, between latitudes 2° and 4°S, and longitudes 28° and 30°E. The country is characterized by hilly and mountainous terrain, with its highest point being Mount Heha, standing at an elevation of 2,670 meters. Burundi is also known for its beautiful lakes, including Lake Tanganyika, which forms part of its southwestern border.

Population of Burundi

As of the latest estimates, Burundi has a population of around 11 million people. Despite its relatively small size, the country has a high population density, with an average of 437 individuals per square kilometer. The majority of the population resides in rural areas, relying on agriculture for their livelihoods. The capital city of Burundi is Bujumbura, which is also the country’s largest city and main economic hub.

Overall, Burundi is a fascinating country with a unique geographical location and a densely populated society.

Official languages in Burundi


Kirundi is the most widely spoken language in Burundi and is also recognized as the national language. It is an official language alongside French and English. Kirundi belongs to the Bantu language family and is primarily spoken by the Burundian people, who make up the majority ethnic group in the country.


French is another official language in Burundi and is widely spoken, especially in urban areas and among educated individuals. It is primarily used in government institutions, education, and formal settings. French was introduced during the colonial period when Burundi was under Belgian rule, and it has remained an important language in the country ever since.


English is the third official language in Burundi, introduced in recent years to facilitate communication on an international level. It is increasingly being taught in schools and used in business transactions. English proficiency is particularly important for those seeking employment opportunities in industries such as tourism, international organizations, and foreign companies operating in Burundi.

In summary, the top three languages spoken in Burundi are Kirundi, French, and English. While Kirundi holds the status of the national language, both French and English are recognized as official languages and play significant roles in various aspects of Burundian society.

Burundi, a small landlocked country in East Africa, is home to a diverse range of languages. However, the top three languages spoken in Burundi are Kirundi, French, and English. Kirundi, the national language, is widely spoken by the majority of the population and serves as a unifying factor among the various ethnic groups. French, a legacy of Burundi’s colonial past, is still widely used in government, education, and business sectors. Additionally, English has gained prominence in recent years, particularly in urban areas and among the younger generation. The linguistic landscape of Burundi reflects the country’s rich cultural heritage and its openness to global influences.

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