What are the top 3 languages spoken in Fiji?

What are the top 3 languages spoken in Fiji?

Fiji, an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, is known for its rich cultural diversity and linguistic heritage. With over 300 languages spoken across the islands, the question arises: what are the top 3 languages commonly spoken in Fiji? In this article, we will explore and uncover the primary languages that dominate the conversations of Fijians, providing valuable insights into the linguistic landscape of this vibrant nation. Whether you are a traveler, linguistics enthusiast, or simply curious about Fiji’s cultural tapestry, this article will shed light on the top 3 languages spoken in Fiji and their significance in shaping the country’s identity.

Overview of Fiji’s language diversity

Fiji, an archipelago nation located in the South Pacific, is known for its rich cultural heritage and linguistic diversity. The country is home to various indigenous languages, English, and Hindi, all of which contribute to the vibrant tapestry of Fiji’s linguistic landscape.

Indigenous languages

Fiji boasts several indigenous languages that are spoken by different ethnic groups across the islands. These languages have deep historical roots and are an integral part of the Fijian cultural identity. The three most prominent indigenous languages spoken in Fiji are:

  1. Fijian: Fijian, also known as iTaukei, is the national language of Fiji and is spoken by the indigenous Fijian population. It has several dialects, including Bauan, Bua, Nadroga, and Rotuman. Fijian is an Austronesian language and is recognized as one of the official languages of the country.

  2. Rotuman: Rotuman is another indigenous language spoken in Fiji, specifically on the island of Rotuma. It is considered a unique Polynesian language and is distinct from the Fijian language. Although it has a relatively smaller number of speakers, efforts are being made to preserve and promote Rotuman as part of Fiji’s cultural heritage.

  3. Hindustani: Hindustani, also referred to as Fiji Hindi, is a language spoken by the Indo-Fijian community, which traces its roots back to the Indian subcontinent. It is a mix of Hindi, Urdu, and other Indian languages, influenced by Fijian and English. Fiji Hindi serves as a means of communication among the Indo-Fijians and is widely used in their daily lives.


English holds a significant position in Fiji as it serves as the official language of the government, education, and business sectors. Introduced during the colonial era, English has become widely spoken and understood across the islands. It plays a crucial role in facilitating communication between different ethnic groups in Fiji and acts as a lingua franca.


Hindi, as mentioned earlier, is spoken by the Indo-Fijian community. It holds a special place in Fiji’s linguistic diversity as it reflects the cultural heritage and traditions of the Indian diaspora. Hindi serves as a means of preserving their cultural identity and is commonly used in religious ceremonies, social gatherings, and informal conversations among the Indo-Fijians.

In conclusion, Fiji’s language diversity is a testament to its multicultural society. The indigenous languages, English, and Hindi all contribute to the unique linguistic fabric of the nation, showcasing the rich heritage of its people. Whether it is the traditional Fijian languages, the global reach of English, or the cultural significance of Hindi, each language in Fiji plays a vital role in shaping the country’s identity and fostering a sense of unity among its diverse population.

Influence of indigenous languages


Fijian is the most widely spoken indigenous language in Fiji. It holds significant importance as the language of the indigenous Fijian people, who make up the majority of the population. Fijian is an Austronesian language belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian family. It has deep roots in the culture and history of the islands.

The Fijian language has played a crucial role in preserving and promoting indigenous traditions, customs, and stories. It is used in various aspects of daily life, including communication between community members, religious ceremonies, traditional rituals, and cultural events. Fijian is also taught in schools and universities to ensure its transmission to future generations.

Fiji Hindi

Fiji Hindi is another prominent language spoken in Fiji, primarily by the Indo-Fijian community. It is a variant of the Hindi language, which has evolved over time through interactions with other languages and cultures. Fiji Hindi developed as a result of the indentured laborers brought to Fiji by the British colonialists from the Indian subcontinent during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Fiji Hindi serves as a means of communication and identity for the Indo-Fijian population. It is used in daily conversations, family interactions, and cultural events within the community. Despite its differences from standard Hindi, Fiji Hindi remains an important link to the heritage and roots of the Indo-Fijian people.


Rotuman is an indigenous language spoken by the Rotuman people, who inhabit the island of Rotuma in Fiji. It is a Polynesian language that has its own unique linguistic characteristics and cultural significance. The Rotuman community, though relatively small in number, places great importance on preserving their language and cultural heritage.

Rotuman is used in various domains of life, including family settings, traditional ceremonies, and community gatherings. The language plays a vital role in maintaining the distinct identity of the Rotuman people and serves as a medium for passing down their rich oral traditions, folklore, and ancestral knowledge.

In conclusion, the top three languages spoken in Fiji are Fijian, Fiji Hindi, and Rotuman. These indigenous languages have significant influence and contribute to the cultural diversity and heritage of the Fijian society.

Impact of colonization and globalization


English has had a significant impact on the linguistic landscape of Fiji due to colonization and globalization. As a former British colony, English was introduced to Fiji during the colonial era and has since become one of the official languages of the country. Today, English is widely spoken and understood by a large portion of the population.

The influence of English can be observed in various aspects of Fijian society. It has become the primary language of education, government, and business, playing a crucial role in communication and facilitating cross-cultural interactions. English proficiency is considered a valuable skill, particularly in urban areas and industries such as tourism and hospitality.


Another language that holds a prominent position in Fiji is Hindi. The presence of Hindi in Fiji can be attributed to the country’s rich Indian heritage and the influx of indentured laborers from the Indian subcontinent during the colonial period. Hindi has since evolved into one of the main languages spoken by the Indo-Fijian community.

Hindi is not only spoken within the Indo-Fijian community but has also gained recognition and acceptance among the wider Fijian population. It is often used in informal settings, cultural events, and religious ceremonies. Hindi-language media outlets, such as newspapers and radio stations, cater to the Hindi-speaking population, further enhancing its significance in Fiji.

Other foreign languages

In addition to English and Hindi, Fiji is home to a diverse range of foreign languages spoken by various communities. The multicultural nature of the country has led to the preservation and usage of languages from different parts of the world.

Languages such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Arabic, among others, can be heard in Fiji, reflecting the presence of different ethnic groups and their respective linguistic backgrounds. While these languages may not be as widely spoken as English or Hindi, they contribute to the linguistic diversity and cultural richness of Fiji.

In conclusion, the impact of colonization and globalization has shaped the linguistic landscape of Fiji. English and Hindi have emerged as significant languages, with English taking on a more dominant role in education, government, and business, while Hindi remains an important language within the Indo-Fijian community. Other foreign languages spoken in Fiji further contribute to the country’s multicultural identity.

Based on the information provided in this article, it is clear that the top three languages spoken in Fiji are Fijian, Hindi, and English. These languages hold significant importance and are widely spoken throughout the country. While Fijian is the official language, Hindi also plays a prominent role due to the large Indo-Fijian population. English, on the other hand, serves as a lingua franca and is spoken by a majority of the population. The linguistic diversity in Fiji reflects the rich cultural heritage of the nation and contributes to its vibrant and multicultural society.

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