What are the top 3 languages spoken in Finland?

According to recent data, Finland is known for its linguistic diversity and cultural richness. In this article, we will explore the top three languages spoken in Finland, shedding light on the country’s multicultural landscape. From the widely spoken Finnish language to the official status of Swedish and the influence of English, we will delve into the unique linguistic tapestry that makes Finland an intriguing destination for language enthusiasts. Join us as we uncover the fascinating world of languages in Finland and discover the reasons behind their prominence.

Overview of languages spoken in Finland


Finnish is the most widely spoken language in Finland. It is the official language of the country and is spoken by the majority of the population. Finnish belongs to the Uralic language family and is closely related to Estonian and Karelian languages. It is known for its complex grammar and distinct phonetic system. Finnish is primarily spoken in Finland but also has minority language status in Sweden.


Swedish is the second most spoken language in Finland. It is recognized as one of the official languages of the country, alongside Finnish. The Swedish-speaking population in Finland primarily resides along the coastal areas and in the autonomous region of Åland. Swedish has a long history in Finland and is spoken by around 5% of the total population. It is a North Germanic language and shares similarities with Norwegian and Danish.


Sami is an indigenous language spoken in Finland, as well as in other northern regions such as Norway, Sweden, and Russia. There are several Sami languages, and they are part of the Uralic language family, which includes Finnish. The Sami people have a rich cultural heritage and their languages play a vital role in preserving their traditions and identity. In Finland, the Sami language is primarily spoken in the northernmost parts, particularly in Lapland.

Overall, these three languages, Finnish, Swedish, and Sami, represent the linguistic diversity and heritage of Finland. While Finnish is the dominant language, the presence of Swedish and Sami languages adds to the multicultural fabric of the country.

Finnish language in Finland

Official language

Finnish is the official language of Finland. It is spoken by the majority of the population and holds a prominent position in the country. The Finnish language has deep historical roots and has been the primary means of communication among the Finnish people for centuries. As the official language, it is used in government institutions, education, media, and other official capacities.

Regional variations

Although Finnish is the dominant language throughout Finland, there are regional variations in dialects and accents. These variations can be attributed to historical and geographical factors. The dialects differ in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar, but they are still mutually understandable to Finnish speakers from different regions. These regional variations contribute to the richness and diversity of the Finnish language.

Language revitalization efforts

In recent years, there have been concerted efforts to revitalize and promote the Finnish language. Concerns about language shift and the influence of globalization have prompted initiatives to preserve and strengthen the use of Finnish. Various organizations, educational institutions, and government bodies have been actively involved in promoting Finnish language learning and usage. Efforts include language courses, cultural events, and the integration of Finnish language and culture into various aspects of society.

Language revitalization efforts also extend to the preservation of indigenous languages, such as Sami languages, spoken by the indigenous Sami people in the northern parts of Finland. These efforts aim to ensure the survival and vitality of these languages, contributing to the linguistic diversity and cultural heritage of Finland.

Overall, the Finnish language holds a central position in Finland as the official language, with regional variations adding to its richness. The ongoing language revitalization efforts reflect the importance placed on preserving and promoting Finnish, ensuring its continued presence in the country.

Swedish language in Finland

Official language

Swedish is one of the official languages in Finland, alongside Finnish. This means that both Finnish and Swedish have equal status and are recognized by the government. The official bilingualism in Finland reflects the country’s historical ties with Sweden and aims to ensure that both languages are respected and used in various aspects of society.

Swedish-speaking minority

Finland has a significant Swedish-speaking minority population. Approximately 5.5% of the Finnish population speaks Swedish as their first language. The majority of Swedish speakers in Finland reside in the coastal areas of Ostrobothnia, Åland Islands, and Uusimaa region. These regions have a long-standing Swedish-speaking presence and maintain their cultural and linguistic traditions.

Bilingualism and language education

Bilingualism is highly valued in Finland, and the education system is designed to support language learning. Finnish-speaking students are required to study Swedish as a mandatory second language in schools, while Swedish-speaking students learn Finnish. This approach promotes bilingualism and ensures that both language communities have opportunities to communicate and understand each other.

Language education in Finland emphasizes the importance of language skills in fostering a cohesive society. It also enables individuals to fully participate in various professional fields, such as politics, administration, and business, where proficiency in both Finnish and Swedish can be essential.

In conclusion, the Swedish language holds a significant position in Finland as one of the official languages. The Swedish-speaking minority contributes to the country’s diverse linguistic landscape, while bilingualism and language education play a crucial role in promoting understanding and communication between Finnish and Swedish speakers.

Sami languages in Finland

Indigenous languages

Finland is home to several indigenous languages, with the Sami languages being the most prominent among them. The Sami people, also known as the Sámi or Saami, are the indigenous inhabitants of Sápmi, which stretches across northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. In Finland, the four main Sami languages spoken are Northern Sami, Inari Sami, Skolt Sami, and Kildin Sami.

Varieties of Sami

The Sami languages belong to the Uralic language family and are closely related to Finnish and Estonian. Each Sami language has its own distinct dialects and variations, reflecting the geographic and cultural diversity of the Sami communities in Finland.

Northern Sami is the most widely spoken Sami language in Finland and is also spoken in Norway and Sweden. Inari Sami is spoken in the Inari region of Finland, while Skolt Sami is primarily spoken in the Sevettijärvi and Nellim regions. Kildin Sami, on the other hand, is spoken in the Kola Peninsula of Russia, but also has a small number of speakers in Finland.

Language preservation and revitalization

The Sami languages, like many indigenous languages, have faced significant challenges over the years, including language suppression and assimilation policies. Efforts have been made to preserve and revitalize these languages, recognizing their cultural importance and the rights of the Sami people.

Various initiatives and organizations have been established to promote and support the use of Sami languages in Finland. These include language courses, cultural events, and the development of language materials such as dictionaries and grammar guides. Additionally, there has been an increased focus on integrating Sami languages into education systems, ensuring their transmission to younger generations.

Language revitalization efforts not only aim to preserve the linguistic heritage of the Sami people but also to foster a stronger sense of identity and cultural pride among Sami communities. These languages play a crucial role in preserving traditional knowledge, customs, and oral traditions that have been passed down through generations.

In conclusion, the Sami languages hold significant importance in the linguistic and cultural landscape of Finland. Efforts towards language preservation and revitalization are essential in ensuring the continued existence and vitality of these indigenous languages.

The top three languages spoken in Finland are Finnish, Swedish, and English. Finnish is the most widely spoken language, serving as the official language of the country. Swedish is also an official language and is spoken by the Swedish-speaking minority. English is widely spoken and understood, particularly among the younger generation and in major cities. These three languages play a crucial role in the linguistic diversity of Finland and contribute to the country’s multicultural identity.

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