What continent is Burundi in?

Introduction to the Continent of Burundi

Are you curious about the continent where Burundi is located? In this article, we will explore and provide answers to the question, "What continent is Burundi in?" Burundi, a landlocked country in East Africa, is situated in the heart of the African continent. Join us as we delve into the geography, history, and unique aspects of this beautiful African nation.

Burundi’s Location

Geographical Features of Burundi

Burundi is a landlocked country located in East Africa. It is situated in the Great Lakes region and is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Despite its small size, Burundi is known for its diverse geographical features.

One of the prominent geographical features of Burundi is its highland plateaus. The country is characterized by rolling hills and mountains, with elevations ranging from 1,400 to 2,700 meters above sea level. These highlands provide breathtaking views and contribute to the country’s scenic beauty.

Burundi is also blessed with numerous lakes, which add to its natural charm. Lake Tanganyika, one of the deepest lakes in the world, forms a significant portion of Burundi’s western border. It not only serves as a source of freshwater but also offers opportunities for fishing and tourism.

Neighboring Countries

Burundi shares its borders with several neighboring countries, each contributing to its cultural and economic dynamics. To the north, Burundi is bordered by Rwanda, a country known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage. The close proximity between Burundi and Rwanda allows for cultural exchange and cross-border trade.

To the east and south, Burundi shares its borders with Tanzania. Tanzania is renowned for its breathtaking wildlife and iconic landmarks such as Mount Kilimanjaro. The border region between Burundi and Tanzania is marked by lush green landscapes and is often frequented by nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

On the western side, Burundi shares its border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The DRC is known for its vast rainforests and diverse wildlife, making it a popular destination for ecotourism. The border region between Burundi and the DRC offers opportunities for trade and cultural interactions.

Political Division

Burundi is divided into 18 provinces, each with its own administrative structure. The provinces are further divided into communes, which are the smallest administrative units in the country. The political division of Burundi facilitates governance and ensures efficient delivery of services to the population.

Each province has its own capital city, which serves as a center for administrative, economic, and cultural activities. Some of the notable cities in Burundi include Bujumbura, the capital city located on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, Gitega, the second-largest city and the political capital, and Ngozi, known for its historical sites and cultural heritage.

In conclusion, Burundi’s location in East Africa, its diverse geographical features, its neighboring countries, and its political division all contribute to its unique identity. Whether it’s exploring the highland plateaus, experiencing the rich culture of Rwanda, or engaging in cross-border trade with Tanzania and the DRC, Burundi offers a wealth of opportunities for visitors and residents alike.

History of Burundi

Early History

Burundi, a landlocked country located in East Africa, has a rich and intriguing history that dates back thousands of years. The earliest known inhabitants of the region were the Twa people, who were hunter-gatherers. They lived in small communities and relied on the surrounding forests for their sustenance.

Colonial Period

During the late 19th century, Burundi, along with its neighboring country Rwanda, fell under colonial rule. The region was colonized by Germany in 1894 and later by Belgium in 1916 during World War I. The colonial powers imposed their authority over the local population and introduced various economic and administrative changes.

The Belgians implemented a policy of indirect rule, using local chiefs to govern the population. This system reinforced existing social hierarchies and exacerbated ethnic divisions, which would later play a significant role in the country’s history.


Burundi gained its independence from Belgium on July 1, 1962. However, the transition to self-rule was not without challenges. The political landscape of the newly independent Burundi was marked by ethnic tensions between the Hutu and Tutsi communities.

In 1965, a series of political assassinations and coups d’état plunged the country into a period of instability and violence. This led to a cycle of ethnic conflict and retaliatory violence that continued for many years, severely impacting the social fabric of the nation.

Despite the numerous challenges, Burundi has made efforts towards peace and reconciliation in recent years. International organizations and neighboring countries have played an active role in facilitating negotiations and supporting the country’s path to stability.

Today, Burundi continues to work towards building a peaceful and prosperous future, striving to overcome its complex history and promote unity among its diverse population.

Culture and Society in Burundi

Ethnic Groups

Burundi is a culturally diverse country with a rich heritage of various ethnic groups. The major ethnic groups in Burundi include the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. These groups have distinct cultural traditions, languages, and social structures that contribute to the country’s vibrant and diverse society. Understanding the ethnic diversity is crucial in comprehending the cultural dynamics and social interactions within Burundi.


In Burundi, multiple languages are spoken due to its diverse ethnic composition. The official languages recognized by the government are Kirundi and French. Kirundi, a Bantu language, is the most widely spoken language in the country. It serves as the primary means of communication among the Burundian people. Additionally, French is widely used in government, education, and commerce. English is gaining popularity as a third language, especially among the younger generation.


Religion plays a significant role in the lives of Burundians. The majority of the population adheres to Christianity, with Roman Catholicism being the largest Christian denomination. Protestantism, particularly the Anglican and Methodist churches, also has a significant following. Additionally, a small percentage of the population practices traditional African religions, which involve ancestor worship and spiritual rituals. Islam is practiced by a minority of Burundians, primarily concentrated in urban areas.

Burundi’s religious diversity contributes to the cultural fabric of the country, as different religious practices and beliefs coexist harmoniously and shape various aspects of Burundian society.

By exploring the cultural and societal aspects of Burundi, including its ethnic groups, languages, and religious practices, one can gain a deeper understanding of the country’s unique identity and the factors that shape its rich cultural heritage.

Economy of Burundi


Burundi’s economy heavily relies on agriculture, which plays a crucial role in supporting the livelihoods of its population. Agriculture contributes significantly to the country’s GDP and provides employment for a large portion of the workforce.

Burundi is known for its fertile soil and favorable climate, making it suitable for cultivating a variety of crops. The main agricultural products include coffee, tea, maize, bananas, beans, and sorghum. These crops are not only essential for domestic consumption but also serve as major exports, boosting the country’s economy.

Coffee is the most important cash crop in Burundi, accounting for a significant portion of its export earnings. The country’s high-quality Arabica coffee is highly sought after in international markets. Additionally, tea production has also gained prominence in recent years, further diversifying Burundi’s agricultural sector.

To support the growth of the agricultural industry, the government of Burundi has implemented various initiatives. These include providing financial assistance, promoting modern farming techniques, and investing in irrigation systems to enhance productivity. Moreover, efforts are being made to improve post-harvest infrastructure and enhance the value chain of agricultural products.


While agriculture remains the backbone of Burundi’s economy, the country is also striving to develop its industrial sector. The government has identified the need to diversify and create new economic opportunities beyond the agricultural domain.

The industrial sector in Burundi is relatively small but has shown promising growth in recent years. It mainly focuses on food processing, manufacturing, and construction. Food processing plants have emerged to add value to agricultural products, such as coffee and tea, before export. This not only generates additional income but also creates employment opportunities for the local workforce.

Manufacturing industries in Burundi are gradually expanding, with the production of textiles, garments, and footwear gaining momentum. The government aims to attract foreign investment and promote local entrepreneurship to further develop the manufacturing sector. Efforts are being made to improve infrastructure, streamline regulations, and provide incentives for businesses to flourish.

International Trade

Burundi’s international trade plays a significant role in shaping its economy. The country primarily exports agricultural products such as coffee, tea, and hides, while also importing various goods to meet domestic demand.

The main export destinations for Burundi include neighboring countries in the East African Community (EAC) region, such as Tanzania, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Additionally, European countries, particularly Belgium, are important trading partners for Burundi due to historical ties and demand for its coffee.

To facilitate international trade, Burundi is part of regional trade agreements such as the EAC and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). These agreements provide access to larger markets, reduce trade barriers, and foster economic integration within the region.

Efforts are being made to diversify Burundi’s export base and reduce its dependency on primary agricultural products. The government is encouraging investment in sectors such as tourism, mining, and renewable energy to expand the scope of international trade and attract foreign direct investment.

Overall, Burundi’s economy is heavily reliant on agriculture, but efforts are being made to diversify into other sectors such as industry and international trade. The government’s initiatives, coupled with favorable natural resources and regional trade agreements, aim to drive economic growth and improve the living standards of its population.

The conclusion of this article clarifies that Burundi is located in the continent of Africa. This small landlocked country, situated in the Great Lakes region, shares borders with Rwanda, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Despite its size, Burundi has a rich history and cultural heritage that makes it a fascinating destination for travelers. Whether one is interested in exploring its stunning landscapes, learning about its diverse ethnic groups, or understanding the impact of its colonial past, Burundi offers a unique and captivating experience in the heart of Africa.

Share This Post: