What countries celebrate Christmas?

What countries celebrate Christmas?

Christmas is a widely celebrated holiday that brings joy and merriment to people all around the world. While it is traditionally associated with Christian beliefs, the festive spirit of Christmas has transcended religious boundaries and is now observed by people from various cultures and countries. In this article, we will explore the different countries that embrace the holiday season and partake in the festivities of Christmas. Join us as we delve into the rich traditions, customs, and unique ways in which Christmas is celebrated globally.

Countries that Celebrate Christmas in Europe

1.1 Western Europe

  • United Kingdom: Christmas is widely celebrated in the United Kingdom, with traditions such as decorating Christmas trees and exchanging gifts.
  • Germany: Germany is known for its vibrant Christmas markets and festive traditions like Advent calendars and St. Nicholas Day.
  • France: Christmas is a grand affair in France, with elaborate nativity scenes and delicious festive delicacies like Yule logs and foie gras.

1.2 Eastern Europe

  • Russia: Christmas is celebrated on January 7th in Russia, following the Orthodox calendar. It is a time for family gatherings and religious traditions.
  • Poland: Poland is famous for its beautiful and intricate Christmas decorations, including handcrafted ornaments and intricately woven straw ornaments.
  • Ukraine: Ukrainian Christmas traditions include the festive meal of 12 meatless dishes, caroling, and the display of a special Christmas star called "Didukh."

1.3 Northern Europe

  • Sweden: In Sweden, Christmas celebrations start early with the lighting of Advent candles. Traditional dishes like gingerbread cookies and saffron buns are enjoyed during this festive season.
  • Norway: Norwegians celebrate Christmas with a range of customs, including the lighting of Advent candles, decorating homes with red hearts, and the display of a traditional Christmas tree.
  • Denmark: Danish Christmas traditions include the lighting of Advent wreaths, the making of intricate paper decorations called "julehjerter," and the enjoyment of traditional dishes like roast pork and rice pudding.

1.4 Southern Europe

  • Italy: Christmas in Italy is a time for religious traditions, such as attending Midnight Mass and setting up elaborate nativity scenes. Traditional Italian dishes like panettone and torrone are enjoyed during this festive season.
  • Spain: Spanish Christmas traditions include the vibrant celebration of "La Nochebuena," with feasting on delicacies like roasted suckling pig and the display of nativity scenes called "belenes."
  • Greece: Greek Christmas traditions involve the lighting of candles and attending midnight church services. Traditional delicacies like melomakarona (honey cookies) and kourabiedes (almond cookies) are enjoyed during this time.

This article explores the various countries in Europe that celebrate Christmas, highlighting the unique customs and traditions observed in Western, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Europe.

Countries that Celebrate Christmas in North America

2.1 United States

Christmas is widely celebrated in the United States, with various traditions and customs being observed across the country. It is a time when families come together, exchange gifts, and enjoy festive meals. One of the most iconic Christmas traditions in the United States is decorating a Christmas tree, which is often adorned with lights, ornaments, and a star or angel at the top. Additionally, many households display colorful Christmas lights both inside and outside their homes, creating a magical atmosphere. The exchange of gifts is another significant aspect of Christmas in the United States, with children eagerly awaiting the arrival of Santa Claus on Christmas Eve. Many cities and towns also hold parades, concerts, and other special events to celebrate the holiday season.

2.2 Canada

In Canada, Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. Similar to the United States, Canadians decorate Christmas trees and exchange gifts with their loved ones. However, Canada also has some unique Christmas traditions that set it apart. One of these traditions is the lighting of the Yule Log, a large log that is set ablaze on Christmas Eve. The log is meant to bring good luck and ensure protection for the upcoming year. Another notable Canadian tradition is the display of colorful and intricate ice sculptures, often seen at outdoor festivals and events during the holiday season. Christmas markets are also popular in Canada, offering a wide array of festive treats, crafts, and gifts.

2.3 Mexico

In Mexico, Christmas is a vibrant and festive celebration known as "Navidad." Mexicans begin their Christmas festivities with the tradition of Las Posadas, which reenacts Mary and Joseph’s search for a place to stay in Bethlehem. This tradition involves processions led by children carrying candles and singing Christmas carols. On Christmas Eve, families gather for a midnight feast known as "La Cena de Nochebuena," which typically includes traditional dishes like tamales, bacalao (salted cod), and ponche, a warm fruit punch. One of the most iconic symbols of Christmas in Mexico is the piñata, which is often filled with candies and fruits and broken open during Christmas parties. Another important Mexican tradition is the "Nacimiento," a nativity scene that is beautifully decorated and displayed in homes, churches, and public spaces.

Overall, North America boasts a rich tapestry of Christmas traditions that reflect the diversity and cultural heritage of the region. Whether it’s the festive lights and parades in the United States, the Yule Log and ice sculptures in Canada, or the Las Posadas and piñatas in Mexico, Christmas in North America is a time of joy, togetherness, and celebration.

3. Countries that Celebrate Christmas in South America

3.1 Brazil

Christmas in Brazil is a joyous and vibrant celebration that combines religious traditions with cultural customs. As the largest country in South America, Brazil showcases its unique way of commemorating this festive occasion. The country’s population, which is predominantly Catholic, plays a significant role in shaping the Christmas traditions observed throughout Brazil.

One of the most striking aspects of Christmas in Brazil is the Nativity scene, known as "Presépio" in Portuguese. These elaborate displays can be found in homes, churches, and public spaces, depicting the birth of Jesus surrounded by various characters. Brazilians also enjoy singing Christmas carols and attending midnight Mass services on Christmas Eve.

Another beloved tradition in Brazil is the exchange of gifts. Similar to many other countries, Brazilian families gather on Christmas morning to open their presents. In addition to gift-giving, many Brazilians also participate in "Amigo Secreto" or Secret Santa, where they exchange gifts anonymously within a group of friends or coworkers.

Food plays a vital role in Brazilian Christmas festivities. Families come together to prepare and enjoy a feast that typically includes roasted turkey, pork, and a variety of side dishes. Traditional desserts like "Rabanada" (a type of French toast) and "Panettone" (a sweet bread with dried fruits) are also popular during this time.

3.2 Argentina

In Argentina, Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm and a blend of European and Latin American customs. The holiday season in Argentina coincides with the arrival of summer, resulting in a unique Christmas experience compared to countries in the Northern Hemisphere.

One of the most prominent traditions in Argentina is the creation of "Pesebres" or Nativity scenes. These displays can be found in homes, churches, and even public squares, capturing the essence of the birth of Jesus. Argentinians also attend Misa de Gallo, the midnight Mass on Christmas Eve, followed by a festive meal with family and loved ones.

Fireworks are a common sight during Christmas celebrations in Argentina. Families gather in parks or open spaces to enjoy the spectacular displays that light up the sky. This tradition adds a touch of excitement and joy to the festive atmosphere.

In terms of food, Argentina has its own unique culinary traditions during Christmas. Many families indulge in a traditional dish called "Vitel Toné," which consists of thinly sliced veal served with a creamy sauce made from tuna, anchovies, and mayonnaise. Panettone, a sweet bread, and "Turrón," a nougat-like treat, are also popular desserts enjoyed during this time.

3.3 Chile

Christmas in Chile is a time of unity, joy, and strong religious sentiment. The country embraces both Catholic traditions and the cultural customs of its diverse population, making it a fascinating destination to experience the holiday season.

One of the most iconic Christmas symbols in Chile is the "Pesebre" or Nativity scene. These beautifully crafted displays can be found in churches, homes, and public spaces, portraying the birth of Jesus with various figurines. Chileans also enjoy attending midnight Mass services, known as "Misa del Gallo," on Christmas Eve.

In addition to religious customs, Chileans have their own unique traditions during Christmas. One of these is the "Cacharreo," where people gather to playfully exchange small gifts or surprises. It is a lighthearted way of spreading joy and laughter among family and friends.

Food is an essential part of Christmas celebrations in Chile. Families come together to feast on a variety of dishes, including "Cordero al Palo" (lamb roasted on a spit), "Pan de Pascua" (a rich fruitcake), and "Cola de Mono" (a traditional alcoholic drink made with aguardiente, milk, coffee, spices, and sugar). These delicacies add a delightful touch to the festive ambiance.


By exploring the diverse Christmas traditions in South America, one can truly appreciate the rich cultural heritage and the joyous spirit that unites these countries during the holiday season. From Brazil’s vibrant festivities to Argentina’s unique blend of European and Latin American customs, and Chile’s strong religious sentiment, Christmas in South America offers a tapestry of traditions and celebrations that are sure to captivate visitors from around the world.

4. Countries that Celebrate Christmas in Asia

4.1 Philippines

The Philippines is known for having one of the longest and most festive Christmas celebrations in the world. The holiday season in the Philippines begins as early as September and lasts until the Feast of the Three Kings in January. The Filipino people are known for their strong Catholic faith, and Christmas is a significant religious and cultural holiday for them.

During this time, you will find various traditions and customs unique to the Philippines. One of the most popular traditions is the "Simbang Gabi" or Night Mass, where devout Catholics attend early morning Mass for nine consecutive days leading up to Christmas. It is believed that completing the Simbang Gabi will grant your Christmas wishes.

Another significant tradition is the "Parol" or Christmas lantern. Filipinos decorate their homes, streets, and even entire neighborhoods with colorful lanterns made from bamboo and paper. These lanterns symbolize the Star of Bethlehem and are said to guide the way for the Christ Child.

4.2 Japan

Although Christmas is not a national holiday in Japan, it is still widely celebrated and has gained popularity over the years. Christmas in Japan is seen as more of a commercial and romantic holiday rather than a religious one, as Christianity is not a major religion in the country.

One of the unique aspects of Christmas in Japan is the tradition of eating KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) on Christmas Eve. This tradition began in the 1970s when KFC launched a successful marketing campaign, associating their fried chicken with Christmas. Today, it is not uncommon for people to pre-order their KFC meals weeks in advance to avoid long queues.

Christmas illuminations, or elaborate light displays, are also a highlight of the festive season in Japan. Cities like Tokyo and Osaka are adorned with dazzling lights, creating a magical atmosphere. Many couples and families enjoy strolling through these illuminated streets, taking in the beautiful sights and enjoying the festive ambiance.

4.3 South Korea

In South Korea, Christmas is primarily celebrated as a couple’s holiday rather than a religious one. It is a romantic occasion for couples to exchange gifts, go on dates, and enjoy each other’s company. Many young Koreans also view it as an opportunity to confess their feelings to someone they like.

One of the popular traditions during Christmas in South Korea is the lighting of Christmas trees. Similar to other countries, Christmas trees are decorated with lights, ornaments, and tinsel. However, South Koreans also have a unique tradition of placing an illuminated cross on top of the tree, symbolizing the religious significance of the holiday.

Churches play a significant role in South Korean Christmas celebrations, with special services and performances taking place. Carol singing, nativity plays, and candlelight services are common activities during this time. Christmas market festivals are also organized, offering a variety of food, crafts, and entertainment for people to enjoy.

Overall, while Christmas in Asia may not be as widely celebrated as in Western countries, the Philippines, Japan, and South Korea each have their own distinct customs and traditions that make the holiday season special for their respective cultures.

5. Countries that Celebrate Christmas in Africa

5.1 South Africa

South Africa is one of the African countries that celebrate Christmas with great enthusiasm and joy. Despite the fact that Christmas falls during the summer season in this part of the world, South Africans embrace the festive spirit wholeheartedly. The majority of the population in South Africa follows Christianity, which makes Christmas a significant holiday for them.

During the Christmas season, South Africans decorate their homes and streets with colorful lights and ornaments. Families gather together for special meals and exchange gifts. Many churches hold midnight services on Christmas Eve, where people come together to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. In addition to traditional customs, South Africans also incorporate their unique cultural elements into the Christmas festivities, making it a vibrant and diverse celebration.

5.2 Nigeria

Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, also celebrates Christmas with great zeal and enthusiasm. Christmas is a major holiday in Nigeria, and it is a time for families and friends to come together and celebrate. The Nigerian Christmas celebrations are characterized by a lively and festive atmosphere.

In Nigeria, Christmas is marked by various traditions and customs. People decorate their homes with beautiful lights, Christmas trees, and ornaments. Churches are adorned with decorations, and special services are held to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. Nigerian families prepare delicious feasts with traditional dishes and exchange gifts to show love and appreciation. Additionally, carol singing and music performances are an integral part of the Nigerian Christmas celebrations, spreading joy and cheer throughout the country.

5.3 Kenya

In Kenya, Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm and is considered one of the most important holidays of the year. Kenya has a significant Christian population, and Christmas holds a special place in their hearts. The Kenyan Christmas celebrations combine religious customs with traditional African elements, creating a unique and vibrant festive atmosphere.

During Christmas in Kenya, people decorate their homes and churches with lights, ornaments, and nativity scenes. Families gather together for special meals, which often include traditional dishes such as nyama choma (roasted meat), chapati (flatbread), and pilau (spiced rice). Many Kenyan churches hold midnight masses and services on Christmas Eve, where worshippers come together to celebrate the birth of Jesus. In addition to the religious aspect, Kenyans also engage in joyful activities like dancing, singing, and exchanging gifts, making Christmas a time of happiness and togetherness.

In conclusion, South Africa, Nigeria, and Kenya are just a few examples of African countries where Christmas is celebrated with great fervor. These countries embrace the festive spirit, combining religious traditions with their own unique cultural elements. Christmas in Africa is a time of joy, togetherness, and celebration, bringing people closer and spreading happiness throughout the continent.

6. Countries that Celebrate Christmas in Oceania

6.1 Australia

Australia, located in the southern hemisphere, is known for its unique way of celebrating Christmas, which falls during the summer season. Despite the warm weather, Australians embrace the festive spirit with enthusiasm.

In Australia, Christmas is celebrated on December 25th, just like in many other countries. However, due to the climatic differences, the holiday season in Australia has its own distinct traditions. Instead of the typical snowy landscapes and cozy fireplaces, Australians often spend their Christmas outdoors, enjoying barbecues, picnics, and beach activities.

Decorations are still an important part of Australian Christmas celebrations. However, you are more likely to see Santa Claus wearing board shorts and riding a surfboard rather than a sleigh. Many homes and public places are adorned with Christmas lights, and it is common to see people decorating their gardens with inflatable Santas and kangaroos.

6.2 New Zealand

Similar to Australia, New Zealand experiences Christmas during the summer months. The holiday season in New Zealand is a time for family gatherings, outdoor activities, and relaxation.

New Zealanders celebrate Christmas with a combination of traditional customs and their own unique traditions. Many families gather for a festive meal, often consisting of a roast dinner with all the trimmings, followed by delicious desserts like pavlova, a popular meringue-based dessert topped with fresh fruits.

Outdoor activities play a significant role in New Zealand’s Christmas celebrations. Families often head to the beach for swimming, picnics, and games. It is also common to see people enjoying barbecues in parks or simply relaxing in their backyards.

New Zealand embraces the holiday spirit by decorating homes and streets with lights and ornaments. Christmas trees adorned with tinsel and ornaments can be found in many households, and some cities organize festive parades and events to bring the community together during this joyful time.

6.3 Fiji

Located in the South Pacific, Fiji is another country in Oceania that celebrates Christmas. The holiday season in Fiji is a blend of traditional Christian customs and unique Fijian traditions.

Christmas in Fiji is a time for family and community gatherings. Many Fijians attend church services on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, where they sing hymns and listen to the Christmas story. Families come together to enjoy festive meals, often featuring local delicacies like seafood, roast pork, and traditional Fijian dishes.

In Fiji, Christmas is not only about religious traditions but also about sharing and giving. It is common for Fijians to exchange gifts and visit friends and relatives during this time. The festive spirit extends beyond individual households, with communities organizing events and celebrations that showcase Fijian culture, music, and dance.

Despite the warm climate, Fijians still find ways to decorate their homes and surroundings for Christmas. Many homes display Christmas lights and decorations, and some villages even create beautiful handmade decorations using natural materials like leaves and flowers.

Overall, Oceania is home to diverse cultures and traditions, and each country in the region celebrates Christmas in its own unique way. Whether it’s enjoying a beachside barbecue in Australia, indulging in festive treats in New Zealand, or experiencing the warmth of Fijian hospitality, Christmas in Oceania is a special time filled with joy, family, and community.

According to the article, Christmas is celebrated in numerous countries around the world. While it is traditionally associated with Western countries, such as the United States and European nations, the holiday is also observed in many other parts of the globe. From South America to Africa, Asia to the Middle East, Christmas festivities vary greatly in terms of customs, traditions, and even dates. Regardless of the cultural differences, the global celebration of Christmas serves as a unifying factor, bringing people together to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ and spreading joy and goodwill.

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