What countries speak German?

The German language is spoken in various countries around the world, making it one of the most widely spoken languages globally. If you are curious about which countries speak German, this article will provide you with a comprehensive list. Whether you are planning a trip or simply interested in expanding your knowledge of different cultures, understanding where German is spoken can be beneficial. From Germany itself to neighboring countries and even regions on other continents, German speakers can be found in diverse corners of the globe. Read on to discover the countries where German is an official language or holds a significant presence in daily communication.

German-speaking Countries in Europe


Germany is a country located in Central Europe and is widely known as the birthplace of the German language. With a population of over 83 million people, Germany is the largest German-speaking country in Europe. The official language spoken in Germany is German, making it the primary language of communication and education throughout the country. German is also recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union.


Situated in the heart of Europe, Austria is another prominent German-speaking country. German is the official language of Austria, and it is spoken by the majority of the population. Austrian German, a variation of the German language, is commonly used in Austria and has its unique regional characteristics. The beautiful cities of Vienna, Salzburg, and Innsbruck are known for their rich cultural heritage and are home to many German-speaking Austrians.


Switzerland, a picturesque country located in the heart of the Alps, is renowned for its multilingualism. While German is one of the four national languages of Switzerland, it is mainly spoken in the northern and central parts of the country. Swiss German, a unique dialect of the German language, is widely spoken by the Swiss-German population. However, it’s important to note that Swiss German differs significantly from Standard German, both in terms of vocabulary and pronunciation.

These three countries, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, stand out as the primary German-speaking nations in Europe. Each country has its own linguistic characteristics and cultural nuances associated with the German language. Whether you are exploring the historic cities of Germany, enjoying the classical music scene in Austria, or marveling at the stunning landscapes of Switzerland, you are likely to encounter the beauty and richness of the German language throughout your journey.

German-speaking Countries in Africa


Namibia is one of the few African countries where German is widely spoken. With a rich history of German colonization, Namibia has a significant German-speaking population. This can be attributed to the period when Namibia was under German rule, which lasted from the late 19th century until 1915.

During this time, German settlers arrived in Namibia and established towns and settlements, bringing with them their language and culture. Even though Namibia gained independence from Germany in 1990, the German language has remained a significant part of Namibian society.

German is still taught in schools and universities, and many Namibians are fluent in the language. In fact, German is recognized as one of Namibia’s official languages, along with English and several indigenous languages.

The influence of the German language is evident in Namibian society, particularly in the architecture, cuisine, and place names. Cities such as Windhoek, Swakopmund, and Lüderitz showcase the German colonial heritage, with German-style buildings and a blend of African and German cultures.

German-speaking communities in Namibia maintain their traditions and celebrate German festivals. Oktoberfest, a famous German beer festival, is also celebrated in Namibia, attracting locals and tourists alike.

With its unique blend of African and German cultures, Namibia stands out as a German-speaking country in the African continent. Whether you are exploring the stunning landscapes of Etosha National Park or immersing yourself in the vibrant streets of Windhoek, you are likely to encounter the German language and the remnants of Namibia’s German colonial past.

German-speaking Countries in South America


Germany has a long history of migration to Brazil, which has resulted in a significant German-speaking population in the country. While Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, there are several regions where German is also spoken.

The largest concentration of German speakers can be found in the southern region of Brazil, particularly in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. These areas were heavily settled by German immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries.

German-speaking communities in Brazil have preserved their language and cultural traditions throughout the years. In some towns, it is not uncommon to find bilingual signs, German-language schools, and German cultural festivals. The influence of German culture can also be seen in the architecture, cuisine, and traditional clothing of these regions.

It is important to note that while German is spoken in certain areas of Brazil, it is not widely spoken or understood throughout the entire country. Therefore, if you are planning to visit Brazil and communicate in German, it is advisable to focus your trip on the southern regions where German-speaking communities are more prevalent.

In conclusion, Brazil is one of the South American countries where German is spoken, specifically in the southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. The German-speaking communities in these regions have played a significant role in preserving their language and culture, making them unique and vibrant parts of Brazilian society.


In conclusion, the German language is spoken not only in Germany but also in several other countries around the world. While it is the official language in Germany, it is also widely spoken in Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and Liechtenstein. Additionally, German is recognized as a minority language in several countries, including Belgium, Italy, Denmark, and Poland. With approximately 95 million native speakers and a significant number of non-native speakers, German continues to be an influential and important language globally. Whether for cultural, business, or personal reasons, learning German can open up a world of opportunities and connections with German-speaking communities across different countries. So, if you’ve ever wondered "What countries speak German?", the answer is: quite a few!

Share This Post: