What countries speak Greek?

What Countries Speak Greek?

If you’re curious about the countries where Greek is spoken, we’ve got you covered. In this article, we will explore the various nations where Greek is an official language or widely spoken. Whether you are planning a trip, interested in learning about different cultures, or simply want to expand your knowledge, this comprehensive guide will provide you with all the information you need. Discover the countries where Greek is spoken and immerse yourself in the richness of this ancient language.

Countries where Greek is an official language


Greece, officially known as the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It is renowned for its rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. Greek is the official language of Greece, spoken by the majority of its population. With its roots dating back thousands of years, Greek has a significant influence on various aspects of human civilization, including literature, philosophy, and the arts. Being the birthplace of democracy and the ancient Olympic Games, Greece holds a special place in the world’s cultural heritage.


Cyprus, an island nation situated in the Eastern Mediterranean, is another country where Greek is recognized as an official language. The Republic of Cyprus, which encompasses the southern two-thirds of the island, officially uses Greek as one of its languages. The Cypriot dialect of Greek is also widely spoken by the population. Cyprus has a unique blend of Greek, Turkish, and Middle Eastern influences, making it a fascinating destination for travelers. Its beautiful beaches, historical sites, and delicious cuisine attract visitors from around the world.

These two countries, Greece and Cyprus, proudly embrace the Greek language as an integral part of their national identity. From ancient history to modern-day communication, Greek continues to thrive in these nations, connecting their people to their cultural roots.

Countries where Greek is a recognized minority language


Albania is a country in Southeastern Europe that has a significant Greek minority population. The Greek minority in Albania mainly resides in the southern region of the country, near the border with Greece. The Greek language has been recognized as a minority language in Albania since 1991.

The historical ties between Albania and Greece have played a significant role in the presence of the Greek minority in Albania. The Greeks in Albania have their own schools, media outlets, and cultural organizations that aim to preserve their language and culture. The Greek minority is an essential part of Albania’s multiculturalism and contributes to the country’s diversity.


Italy, a country famous for its rich history and cultural heritage, is home to a small Greek minority that speaks the Greek language. The Greek-speaking community in Italy is mainly concentrated in the regions of Calabria and Apulia in the southern part of the country.

The Greek presence in Italy dates back to ancient times when Greek colonization influenced the development of local cultures. Over the centuries, the Greek language has managed to survive and maintain its status as a recognized minority language in Italy. The Greek-speaking community in Italy contributes to the country’s linguistic diversity and cultural richness.


Turkey, a transcontinental country located between Europe and Asia, also has a notable Greek minority population. The Greek-speaking community in Turkey is primarily concentrated in the regions of Istanbul, Imbros (Gökçeada), and Tenedos (Bozcaada).

Historically, Greece and Turkey have had complex relations, including population exchanges and forced migrations. Despite the challenges faced by the Greek minority in Turkey, the Greek language has managed to survive as a recognized minority language. The Greek-speaking community in Turkey plays a vital role in preserving its language and culture.


Egypt, a country known for its ancient civilization and iconic landmarks, has a small but significant Greek-speaking community. The Greek community in Egypt has a long history that dates back to the time of Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic period.

Greek has been recognized as a minority language in Egypt, and the Greek community has managed to preserve its language and culture throughout the centuries. The Greek-speaking community in Egypt contributes to the multicultural fabric of the country and adds to its linguistic diversity.

In conclusion, these countries – Albania, Italy, Turkey, and Egypt – are home to significant Greek-speaking minority populations. The recognition of Greek as a minority language in these countries highlights the cultural and linguistic diversity that exists within their borders. These Greek-speaking communities play a crucial role in preserving their language and culture while contributing to the overall multiculturalism of their respective countries.

Countries with Greek-speaking communities

United States

The United States is home to a significant Greek-speaking community. Greek immigrants began arriving in the United States in large numbers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, Greek is spoken by a large number of Greek-Americans, particularly in cities with a strong Greek presence, such as New York, Chicago, and Boston. Greek schools and cultural organizations play a vital role in preserving the language and promoting Greek culture within these communities.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, there is also a notable Greek-speaking community. Many Greeks have settled in the UK over the years, contributing to the diversity of the country. London, in particular, has a significant Greek population, with Greek-speaking businesses, restaurants, and cultural events. Greek language schools and community centers provide resources for both Greek expatriates and those interested in learning the language.


Australia is another country with a thriving Greek-speaking community. Greek immigrants have been arriving in Australia since the early 19th century, and the Greek community has continued to grow and prosper. Cities like Melbourne and Sydney have vibrant Greek neighborhoods, where Greek is spoken and celebrated. Greek language schools, churches, and cultural festivals contribute to the preservation of the language and the vibrant Greek-Australian identity.


Canada is home to a diverse Greek-speaking community as well. Greek immigrants started settling in Canada in significant numbers during the early 20th century. Today, cities like Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver have large Greek communities that actively use the Greek language. Greek schools, churches, and cultural organizations promote the language and Greek heritage within these communities.

These countries provide welcoming environments for Greek-speaking communities, where the language and culture can thrive and be preserved for generations to come.

In conclusion, Greek is predominantly spoken in Greece, Cyprus, and Albania. However, there are also significant Greek-speaking communities in various other countries such as Turkey, Italy, and the United States. The widespread influence and historical significance of the Greek language have allowed it to persist and thrive in these regions, contributing to the rich cultural tapestry of the world. Whether it is for historical, cultural, or linguistic reasons, the countries that speak Greek showcase the enduring legacy of this ancient language.

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