What countries speak Hungarian?

What countries speak Hungarian?

Hungarian, also known as Magyar, is the official language of Hungary. However, it is not solely spoken in Hungary. This Uralic language is also spoken by significant populations in neighboring countries such as Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, and Austria. In this article, we will explore the countries where Hungarian is spoken, highlighting the cultural and historical significance of the language in each region.

Countries where Hungarian is an official language


Hungary, also known as the Republic of Hungary, is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. It is the primary and most prominent country where Hungarian is an official language. With a population of over 9 million people, Hungary serves as the cultural and linguistic hub for the Hungarian language.

Hungarian, which is the native language of Hungary, holds a significant place in the country’s history, culture, and everyday life. It is the official language used in all government institutions, educational institutions, and media outlets. Hungarian has deep roots within the country’s heritage and is an essential part of Hungarian national identity.


Romania, a neighboring country to Hungary, is another nation where Hungarian is recognized as an official language. The regions of Transylvania, Maramureș, and parts of Crișana have sizable Hungarian-speaking communities. This recognition is a result of the historical presence of Hungarian ethnic minorities in these regions.

In Romania, Hungarian is granted official status in areas where Hungarian communities are concentrated. Institutions such as schools, local government bodies, and media outlets provide services in Hungarian to cater to the needs of the Hungarian-speaking population. The official recognition of Hungarian in Romania reflects the country’s commitment to cultural diversity and linguistic rights.


Slovakia, another neighboring country with a shared border with Hungary, is also home to a significant Hungarian-speaking population. The southern region of Slovakia, known as the Komárno region, has a substantial Hungarian minority community. As a result, Hungarian is recognized as an official language in this region.

In the Komárno region, Hungarian is used in various official capacities, including education, local government, and official documentation. The recognition of Hungarian as an official language in Slovakia demonstrates the country’s commitment to respecting the linguistic and cultural rights of its minority communities.

These three countries, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia, play a crucial role in preserving and promoting the Hungarian language. The official status of Hungarian in these nations not only facilitates communication and administration but also reinforces the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Hungarian people living within their borders.

Countries with Hungarian-speaking communities


Serbia is home to a significant Hungarian-speaking community. In the northern province of Vojvodina, which borders Hungary, there is a large population of ethnic Hungarians. The Hungarian language is recognized as one of the official languages in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, allowing the Hungarian-speaking community to preserve and promote their language and culture. Hungarian is commonly spoken in cities such as Subotica, Novi Sad, and Sombor, where Hungarian cultural events, schools, and media are prevalent.


In Ukraine, there are Hungarian-speaking communities primarily residing in the Zakarpattia Oblast region. This region shares a border with Hungary, making it a natural area for Hungarian influence and settlement. The city of Uzhhorod, the administrative center of the region, has a notable Hungarian-speaking population. Hungarian is taught in schools, and various cultural organizations and events contribute to the preservation of the Hungarian language and traditions in the region.


Croatia also has Hungarian-speaking communities, particularly in the eastern region known as Baranja. The town of Osijek, located in Baranja, has a significant population of ethnic Hungarians. Hungarian is recognized as a minority language in certain municipalities in Baranja, allowing for official use and support of the language. Hungarian cultural institutions, such as schools and community centers, play a vital role in maintaining the Hungarian language and heritage in this region.

These countries, Serbia, Ukraine, and Croatia, each have Hungarian-speaking communities that contribute to the diversity and preservation of the Hungarian language beyond the borders of Hungary itself.

Countries with Hungarian as a minority language


Hungarian is spoken as a minority language in Austria. Located in Central Europe, Austria shares its borders with Hungary, making it a country where Hungarian speakers can be found. The Hungarian-speaking population in Austria primarily resides in the eastern regions, especially in the state of Burgenland. Due to historical connections and cultural ties, Hungarian has been recognized as an official minority language in Austria, ensuring the preservation and promotion of the language within the country.


Slovenia, a beautiful country nestled in Central Europe, also has a minority population that speaks Hungarian. Situated near the Hungarian border, regions in Slovenia, such as Prekmurje and Lendava, are home to Hungarian-speaking communities. These areas have historical connections to Hungary, leading to the presence of Hungarian as a minority language. Slovenian authorities acknowledge the importance of linguistic diversity and have implemented measures to support and protect the Hungarian-speaking population in the country.


While not widely known, Poland is another country where Hungarian is spoken as a minority language. In the southern region of Poland, particularly in the Spisz and Orawa areas, Hungarian-speaking communities exist. These areas have historical ties to Hungary, resulting in the presence of Hungarian as a minority language. Poland recognizes the significance of preserving linguistic diversity and has taken steps to support and maintain the Hungarian-speaking population within its borders.

In conclusion, Hungarian as a minority language can be found in several countries, including Austria, Slovenia, and Poland. These countries, through their historical connections and cultural ties with Hungary, have recognized the importance of preserving and supporting the Hungarian language and its speakers.

Hungarian is primarily spoken in Hungary, where it is the official language. However, it is also spoken by significant communities in neighboring countries such as Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, and Ukraine. In addition, there are Hungarian-speaking communities in countries around the world due to historical emigration. Despite being a relatively small language group, Hungarian continues to be an important language for the communities that speak it and plays a significant role in their cultural identity. Its unique features and historical importance make Hungarian an intriguing language to explore and learn.

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