What countries speak Luxembourgish?

What countries speak Luxembourgish?

Luxembourgish, a unique language that originated from the German dialect, is primarily spoken in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. However, it is not limited to this small landlocked country. Luxembourgish is also recognized as an official language in the neighboring countries of Belgium and Germany. This article explores the countries where Luxembourgish is spoken and delves into the significance of this distinct language in the region.

Countries where Luxembourgish is spoken


Luxembourg is the primary country where Luxembourgish is spoken. As the official language of Luxembourg, it is widely used in everyday communication, education, and government affairs. The language plays a significant role in shaping Luxembourg’s cultural identity and is deeply rooted in the country’s history.


In addition to Luxembourg, Luxembourgish is also spoken in some regions of Belgium. The language is mainly found in the province of Liège, which shares a border with Luxembourg. Due to historical and geographical ties, Luxembourgish has influenced the local dialects spoken in this region.


Certain parts of Germany, particularly in the western regions bordering Luxembourg, also have Luxembourgish speakers. The Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate states have communities that use Luxembourgish as a minority language. These communities have preserved the language through generations, maintaining a connection to their Luxembourgish heritage.


Although not as prevalent as in Luxembourg, Belgium, and Germany, Luxembourgish is spoken by a small number of people in certain border areas of France. These areas include the Moselle department, which shares borders with Luxembourg and Germany. The presence of Luxembourgish in this region is a testament to the historical and cultural ties between these countries.

Overall, while Luxembourg remains the primary country where Luxembourgish is spoken, its influence extends to neighboring regions in Belgium, Germany, and France. The language serves as a symbol of cultural heritage and fosters a sense of identity among Luxembourgish-speaking communities in these countries.

History and Origin of Luxembourgish

Germanic Roots

Luxembourgish, also known as Lëtzebuergesch, is a West Germanic language that originated from the Germanic language family. It shares its roots with various other Germanic languages such as German, Dutch, and English. This linguistic connection can be traced back to the migration of Germanic tribes in the early medieval period.

Influence of French and German

Throughout history, Luxembourg has been influenced by both French and German cultures due to its geographical location and historical events. As a result, Luxembourgish has also been influenced by these two languages. French influence can be observed in the vocabulary and the legal and administrative domains, while German influence is prominent in grammar and syntax.

Standardization of Luxembourgish

The standardization of Luxembourgish began in the 19th century when efforts were made to create a unified written form of the language. However, it wasn’t until the 20th century that standardized spelling and grammar rules were established. Today, the language is regulated by the Conseil permanent de la langue luxembourgeoise (Permanent Council of the Luxembourgish Language) and the Institut grand-ducal (Grand-Ducal Institute).

Luxembourgish is recognized as the national language and administrative language of Luxembourg, and it is also spoken by communities in neighboring regions of Germany, France, and Belgium. While it is not widely spoken outside of Luxembourg, efforts are being made to preserve and promote the language, ensuring its continued relevance in the modern world.

In conclusion, while Luxembourgish is primarily spoken in the small European country of Luxembourg, it is also spoken by a significant number of people in neighboring countries such as Belgium, France, and Germany. Despite its relatively small number of speakers, efforts are being made to preserve and promote the language, as it holds significant cultural and historical importance. As the demand for multilingualism continues to grow in today’s globalized world, Luxembourgish serves as a reminder of the linguistic diversity that exists within Europe.

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