What countries use Vietnamese as their primary language?

What countries use Vietnamese as their primary language?

If you’re curious about the countries where Vietnamese is spoken as the primary language, you’ve come to the right place. This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive list of nations where Vietnamese holds the status of an official language. Whether you’re interested in learning about the cultural diversity or planning a trip to one of these countries, this article will give you all the essential information you need. So, let’s explore the world of Vietnamese-speaking countries together!

Countries where Vietnamese is the official language


Vietnam is the country where Vietnamese is the official language. Situated in Southeast Asia, Vietnam is home to approximately 97 million people. Vietnamese, also known as Tiếng Việt, is the mother tongue of the majority of Vietnamese people. It serves as the official language for all administrative, educational, and governmental purposes within the country. Vietnamese has its own unique script called Chu Nom, which was derived from Chinese characters but has been modified over the years.

Vietnamese communities in other countries

Apart from Vietnam, Vietnamese is spoken by significant communities in various other countries around the world. These communities have developed over time due to migration and historical ties. Some notable countries with Vietnamese-speaking communities include:

  1. United States: The United States is home to a large Vietnamese community, primarily concentrated in states like California, Texas, and Washington. Vietnamese is widely spoken in these communities, and it has become an integral part of the multicultural fabric of these regions.

  2. Australia: Australia also has a considerable Vietnamese-speaking population, particularly in cities like Sydney and Melbourne. Vietnamese migrants have made significant contributions to Australian society, and the language continues to be spoken and preserved within these communities.

  3. France: Due to historical ties between Vietnam and France, there is a significant Vietnamese community in France. The Vietnamese language, along with French, is spoken by many Vietnamese residents, particularly in cities like Paris.

  4. Canada: Vietnamese immigrants in Canada have formed vibrant communities in cities such as Toronto and Vancouver. Vietnamese is spoken and taught within these communities, ensuring the preservation of the language and cultural heritage.

  5. Cambodia: In Cambodia, there is a sizable Vietnamese-speaking community, particularly in the capital city of Phnom Penh. The Vietnamese language has been influenced by Khmer, the official language of Cambodia, creating a unique dialect spoken by the Vietnamese community in the country.

These are just a few examples of countries with Vietnamese-speaking communities. Vietnamese diaspora communities can be found in many other countries worldwide, contributing to the global reach and significance of the Vietnamese language.

Countries with significant Vietnamese-speaking populations

United States

The United States is home to a significant Vietnamese-speaking population. Vietnamese immigrants started arriving in the United States in the 1970s after the Vietnam War. Today, Vietnamese is one of the most widely spoken languages in the country, particularly in areas such as California, Texas, and Washington.

The Vietnamese community in the United States has preserved its language and culture, establishing vibrant Vietnamese-speaking communities across the nation. These communities contribute to the diversity of languages spoken in the United States and provide a strong sense of identity for Vietnamese-Americans.


France has a notable Vietnamese-speaking population due to its historical ties with Vietnam. Vietnam was once a part of French Indochina, and as a result, there is a long-standing Vietnamese presence in France. Today, Vietnamese is recognized as one of the most widely spoken minority languages in the country.

The Vietnamese community in France has made significant contributions to the cultural landscape of the country. Vietnamese restaurants, markets, and cultural events can be found in various cities across France. The Vietnamese language continues to thrive within these communities, serving as a vital link to their heritage and identity.


Australia is another country with a significant Vietnamese-speaking population. Vietnamese immigrants began arriving in Australia in the 1970s and 1980s as refugees fleeing the Vietnam War. Over the years, the Vietnamese community in Australia has grown, and Vietnamese is now one of the most commonly spoken languages in the country.

Vietnamese cultural festivals, celebrations, and community organizations are prevalent in Australia, showcasing the rich heritage and language of the Vietnamese community. Vietnamese language schools have also been established to help preserve the language and pass it on to future generations.

In conclusion, the United States, France, and Australia are countries with significant Vietnamese-speaking populations. These communities contribute to the cultural diversity of these nations and play a vital role in preserving the Vietnamese language and heritage.

Countries where Vietnamese is widely spoken as a second language


Vietnamese is widely spoken as a second language in Cambodia. Due to its geographical proximity to Vietnam and historical ties between the two countries, there is a significant Vietnamese-speaking community in Cambodia. Many Vietnamese migrants and their descendants have settled in Cambodia, particularly in the capital city of Phnom Penh and the border regions. Vietnamese is often used in business, trade, and daily interactions between the Vietnamese community and the local population.


Vietnamese is also commonly spoken as a second language in Laos. Similar to Cambodia, Laos shares its borders with Vietnam, which has facilitated cultural and linguistic exchanges between the two nations. Vietnamese is particularly prevalent in the southern regions of Laos, where there is a sizeable Vietnamese population. In urban areas like Vientiane, Vietnamese is often used in commerce, tourism, and everyday communication among different ethnic communities.


Thailand is another country where Vietnamese is widely spoken as a second language. Although Thai is the official language of Thailand, there is a significant Vietnamese community in the country. Many Vietnamese people have migrated to Thailand for various reasons, such as work opportunities or seeking refuge. Consequently, Vietnamese has become an important language for communication within the Vietnamese community and for interactions with the local Thai population. In areas like Bangkok, where there is a large Vietnamese presence, you can find Vietnamese-speaking shops, restaurants, and cultural institutions.

In conclusion, Vietnamese is primarily spoken in Vietnam, as well as in several other countries around the world. While it is the official language of Vietnam, there are also significant Vietnamese-speaking populations in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, France, and Germany, among others. The widespread use of Vietnamese in these countries is a testament to the global reach and influence of the language. As Vietnamese continues to gain recognition and popularity, it serves as a bridge connecting people from diverse backgrounds and cultures, fostering communication, understanding, and cultural exchange.

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