What Dance is Popular in Mauritius? Everything You Need to Know

What Dance is Popular in Mauritius? Everything You Need to Know

Mauritius, a picturesque island nation in the Indian Ocean, is not only known for its stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters but also for its vibrant dance culture. The dance forms in Mauritius are as diverse as its multicultural population, reflecting influences from African, Indian, and European traditions. From the energetic Sega dance, which embodies the island’s Creole heritage, to the graceful Bhojpuri dance, rooted in Indian culture, Mauritius offers a variety of captivating dances that showcase the country’s rich history and traditions. In this article, we will delve into the popular dances of Mauritius, providing you with a comprehensive guide to their origins, significance, and unique characteristics. Whether you are planning a visit to Mauritius or simply interested in exploring different dance cultures, this article will be your ultimate resource to discover the captivating world of Mauritian dance.

Traditional Dances in Mauritius


Sega is the most popular and widely recognized traditional dance in Mauritius. It is considered the national dance of the country and holds deep cultural significance. Originating from the African slaves who were brought to the island during the colonial period, Sega has evolved into a vibrant and energetic dance form.

The dance is accompanied by the rhythmic beats of the ravanne (a traditional drum), the maravanne (a percussion instrument made of bamboo), and the triangle. The dancers move their bodies in sync with the music, swaying their hips and shoulders, and often incorporating expressive hand movements.

Sega is not just a dance but also a form of storytelling, as the lyrics of the songs often convey social and historical narratives. The dance is characterized by its lively and joyful atmosphere, with participants wearing colorful traditional costumes adorned with vibrant patterns and accessories.


Bhojpuri is another traditional dance form that has a significant presence in Mauritius. It originated from the Bhojpuri-speaking Indian community who migrated to the island during the colonial era. Bhojpuri dance is characterized by its graceful and intricate footwork, which is accompanied by rhythmic music.

The dance typically involves a group of dancers forming intricate patterns and sequences, while gracefully moving their arms and feet. The dancers wear traditional Indian attire, such as colorful sarees for women and dhotis for men, which adds to the visual appeal of the performance.

Bhojpuri dance is often performed during religious and cultural festivals celebrated by the Indian community in Mauritius. It serves as a means of preserving their cultural heritage and connecting with their roots.


Chutney is a vibrant and lively dance form that has its roots in the Indo-Mauritian community. It is a fusion of traditional Indian music and dance with elements of Caribbean and African influences. Chutney dance is characterized by its fast-paced footwork, energetic movements, and infectious rhythms.

The dance is accompanied by the rhythmic beats of instruments like the dholak (a two-headed drum) and the harmonium (a keyboard instrument). The dancers perform intricate footwork, jumps, and spins, while maintaining a high level of energy throughout the performance.

Chutney dance is often performed during festivals and social gatherings, adding a festive and celebratory vibe to the atmosphere. The dancers wear colorful and vibrant costumes, incorporating elements of traditional Indian attire with modern twists.

In conclusion, Mauritius is rich in traditional dances that reflect the diverse cultural heritage of the island. Sega, Bhojpuri, and Chutney are just a few examples of the vibrant dance forms that contribute to the cultural fabric of Mauritius.

Contemporary Dances in Mauritius


Breakdancing, also known as B-boying or breaking, has gained popularity in Mauritius in recent years. This dynamic and acrobatic style of dance originated in the Bronx, New York City, during the 1970s and has since spread worldwide, including to the beautiful island of Mauritius.

Breakdancing in Mauritius has become a vibrant and energetic form of expression for many talented dancers. The local breakdance community is thriving, with dedicated practitioners organizing workshops, competitions, and performances. These events showcase the impressive skills and creativity of Mauritian breakdancers.

With its combination of intricate footwork, power moves, and impressive freezes, breakdancing in Mauritius has captivated audiences and inspired many young dancers to take up the art form. Whether it’s in the streets, dance studios, or even on the beach, breakdancers in Mauritius bring their unique style to the forefront.

Hip Hop

Hip hop dance has also made its mark in Mauritius, becoming increasingly popular among the youth. Originating from African American and Latino communities in the United States during the 1970s, hip hop has evolved into a global cultural phenomenon, embracing various styles and elements.

In Mauritius, hip hop dance has given rise to a vibrant community of dancers and enthusiasts. From freestyle battles to choreographed performances, hip hop dancers in Mauritius showcase their skills and passion for this urban dance style. They incorporate various elements, including popping, locking, and krumping, to create captivating and energetic routines.

The hip hop scene in Mauritius is not just limited to dance, but also encompasses other elements of hip hop culture, such as graffiti art and rap music. Together, these elements create a vibrant and dynamic hip hop community that continues to grow and evolve in Mauritius.


Salsa, a lively and passionate partner dance, has also found its way to the shores of Mauritius. With its origins in the Caribbean, particularly Cuba and Puerto Rico, salsa has become a popular social dance worldwide, known for its energetic movements and infectious rhythms.

In Mauritius, salsa dancing has gained popularity among locals and tourists alike. Dance studios and clubs offer salsa classes and social events, providing opportunities for people to learn and enjoy this vibrant dance style. Salsa nights are a common occurrence in Mauritius, where dancers gather to showcase their skills and dance the night away.

Salsa dancing in Mauritius is not only a fun and engaging activity but also a way to connect with others and embrace the rich cultural heritage of the dance. The sensual and rhythmic movements of salsa create a vibrant atmosphere that brings people together in celebration of the music and dance.

From breakdancing to hip hop and salsa, Mauritius embraces a diverse range of contemporary dances. These dance styles not only provide a platform for self-expression but also contribute to the cultural vitality of the island, showcasing the talent and creativity of Mauritian dancers. Whether you’re a dancer or simply a spectator, experiencing these popular dances in Mauritius is an exciting and enriching experience.

Fusion Dances in Mauritius


Seggae is a unique dance form that originated in Mauritius. It is a fusion of reggae and traditional Mauritian music styles such as sega. This energetic dance style incorporates the rhythmic movements of reggae with the vibrant and lively beats of sega. Seggae is not only a dance but also a reflection of the cultural diversity and historical roots of Mauritius.

The dance moves in seggae are characterized by dynamic footwork, hip swaying, and fluid arm movements. Dancers often form a circle or a line, creating a sense of unity and togetherness. The music accompanying seggae dances is usually a blend of catchy melodies, drum beats, and the distinctive sound of the ravanne, a traditional Mauritian percussion instrument.

Bollywood Fusion

Bollywood fusion has gained immense popularity in Mauritius, owing to the strong influence of Indian culture on the island. This dance style combines traditional Indian dance forms with contemporary elements, creating a captivating and visually stunning performance. The vibrant costumes, expressive facial expressions, and intricate choreography make Bollywood fusion an enchanting spectacle.

The dance movements in Bollywood fusion are a fusion of classical Indian dance techniques, hip-hop, and modern dance styles. Dancers showcase graceful hand gestures, rhythmic footwork, and fluid body movements. The songs used in Bollywood fusion dances are usually from Indian movies, known for their catchy tunes and energetic beats.

African-Mauritian Fusion

African-Mauritian fusion dance is a reflection of the strong African heritage present in Mauritius. This dance style combines traditional African dance forms with Mauritian cultural elements, resulting in a lively and spirited performance. The fusion of African rhythms, vibrant costumes, and expressive movements creates a captivating experience for both dancers and spectators.

The dance moves in African-Mauritian fusion are characterized by rhythmic foot stomping, hip shaking, and intricate body isolations. Dancers often incorporate traditional African dance steps such as the Kwaito, Makossa, or Soukous, blending them with Mauritian dance styles like the sega. The music accompanying these dances is a fusion of African beats, local instruments, and modern sounds.

In conclusion, Mauritius is home to a variety of fusion dances that showcase the island’s rich cultural diversity. Whether it’s the energetic Seggae, the captivating Bollywood fusion, or the vibrant African-Mauritian fusion, these dance forms reflect the unique blend of influences that make Mauritius a truly exceptional place for dance enthusiasts.

The popularity of dance in Mauritius is a testament to the vibrant and diverse culture of the island. From traditional Sega dances that celebrate the country’s African and Indian heritage to modern styles like hip-hop and contemporary dance, there is something for everyone to enjoy. The rich history and influences from different cultures have contributed to the unique and captivating dance scene in Mauritius. Whether you are a local or a visitor, exploring the various dance styles in Mauritius is a must-do experience. So, put on your dancing shoes and immerse yourself in the rhythmic and energetic world of Mauritian dance!

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