What Dance is Popular in Zimbabwe? Find Out Here

What Dance is Popular in Zimbabwe? Find Out Here

Are you curious about the popular dance styles in Zimbabwe? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the vibrant and diverse dance culture of Zimbabwe, shedding light on the captivating rhythms and movements that have captured the hearts of both locals and tourists alike. From traditional dances rooted in rich cultural heritage to modern fusion styles influenced by global trends, Zimbabwe offers a kaleidoscope of dance forms that are sure to leave you enthralled. So, whether you are an avid dancer or simply intrigued by different cultural expressions, join us as we dive into the world of dance in Zimbabwe and discover the captivating rhythms that make it so unique.

Traditional Dances in Zimbabwe

Mbira DzaVaNdau

Mbira DzaVaNdau is one of the most popular traditional dances in Zimbabwe. This dance form is deeply rooted in the culture and history of the Shona people, who are the largest ethnic group in Zimbabwe. The mbira, a traditional musical instrument made of metal keys attached to a wooden soundboard, is the centerpiece of this dance.

Traditionally, the mbira was played by the VaNdau people during religious ceremonies and social gatherings. However, over time, it has become an integral part of the Mbira DzaVaNdau dance. The dancers move gracefully to the rhythmic beats of the mbira, creating a mesmerizing spectacle. The dance is often accompanied by vibrant singing and traditional attire, adding to its cultural significance.


Another popular traditional dance in Zimbabwe is Jerusarema. This dance originated from the Zezuru people and has gained recognition as a national dance of Zimbabwe. Jerusarema is a lively and energetic dance that reflects the rich cultural heritage of the country.

The dance is characterized by quick footwork, synchronized movements, and intricate patterns. Dancers form circles or lines and perform a series of rhythmic steps, accompanied by traditional drumming and singing. Jerusarema is often performed during social gatherings, weddings, and other festive occasions, as it brings people together in celebration of their cultural identity.


Muchongoyo is a traditional dance form that originated from the Nguni people of Zimbabwe. This dance is known for its fast-paced and acrobatic movements, which require great strength, flexibility, and coordination. Muchongoyo is often performed by young men, showcasing their physical prowess and agility.

The dance involves intricate footwork, high jumps, and leaps, combined with rhythmic clapping and chanting. Muchongoyo is not only a form of entertainment but also a way for the Nguni people to pass down their cultural traditions and values to future generations. It is considered a symbol of strength, unity, and resilience within the community.

In conclusion, Zimbabwe is rich in traditional dances that showcase the country’s cultural diversity and heritage. Whether it’s the enchanting melodies of Mbira DzaVaNdau, the energetic movements of Jerusarema, or the acrobatic displays of Muchongoyo, these traditional dances hold a special place in the hearts of the Zimbabwean people.

Contemporary Dance Styles in Zimbabwe


Pantun is a popular contemporary dance style in Zimbabwe that originated from traditional African dance forms. It incorporates rhythmic movements, storytelling, and vibrant costumes to create a captivating performance. The dancers use their bodies to express emotions, cultural traditions, and societal issues. Pantun is known for its energetic and dynamic movements, which often involve jumps, spins, and intricate footwork. This dance style has gained popularity not only within Zimbabwe but also internationally, with many dance enthusiasts appreciating its unique blend of traditional and modern elements.


Chimurenga is another contemporary dance style that has gained significant popularity in Zimbabwe. Inspired by the Chimurenga music genre, which emerged during the country’s fight for independence, this dance form reflects the spirit of liberation and resistance. Chimurenga dancers incorporate powerful and rhythmic movements that symbolize the struggles and triumphs of the Zimbabwean people. The choreography often includes acrobatic elements, energetic footwork, and synchronized group formations. This dance style has become a symbol of cultural identity and unity among the Zimbabwean population.

Urban Grooves

Urban Grooves is a modern contemporary dance style that has evolved from Zimbabwe’s urban music scene. It combines elements of hip-hop, R&B, and traditional African dance to create a unique and vibrant style. Urban Grooves dancers often incorporate street dance techniques, such as popping, locking, and breakdancing, into their performances. This dance style is popular among the younger generation in Zimbabwe and is often performed in clubs, music videos, and live concerts. Urban Grooves has not only become a form of entertainment but also a way for Zimbabwean youth to express themselves creatively and showcase their talent.

In conclusion, Zimbabwe boasts a diverse range of contemporary dance styles that reflect the country’s rich cultural heritage and artistic expression. Pantun, Chimurenga, and Urban Grooves are just a few examples of the captivating dance forms that have gained popularity within Zimbabwe and beyond. Each of these styles offers a unique experience, blending traditional and modern elements to create mesmerizing performances that captivate audiences worldwide.

In conclusion, the article sheds light on the popular dance forms that have gained immense popularity in Zimbabwe. By exploring the rich cultural heritage and diverse traditions of the country, it becomes evident that dance plays a vital role in Zimbabwean society. From the energetic and vibrant Jerusalema dance to the traditional Mbende dance, Zimbabwe offers a myriad of dance forms that reflect the country’s history, values, and celebrations. Whether it is performed during social gatherings, religious ceremonies, or special events, these dances serve as a way to express emotions, connect with others, and preserve the cultural identity of Zimbabwe. As Zimbabwe continues to evolve and embrace modern influences, it is crucial to recognize and appreciate the significance of these popular dances in maintaining the country’s cultural vitality.

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